Elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes in people with a psychiatric disorder: What is the role of health behaviors and psychotropic medication?

Nanna Lindekilde*, Lars J Diaz, Mathias Lasgaard, Jan Erik Henriksen, Stine H Scheuer, Gregers S Andersen, Katrine H Rubin, Frans Pouwer

*Kontaktforfatter

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Abstract

AIMS: Several psychiatric disorders are linked with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), but the mediating mechanisms are unclear. We aimed to investigate health behaviors, obesity, psychotropic medication use, and comorbidity as potential mediating mechanisms explaining these associations.

METHODS: We combined data from a large population-based survey with register-based data and followed a sample of 250,013 Danes (≥16 years) for up to 8.9 years. We conducted mediation analyses investigating 10 potential mediators of the associations between psychiatric disorders and incident T2D.

RESULTS: Individuals with a substance use disorder, schizophrenia, mood disorder, neurotic disorder, eating disorder, or a personality disorder had a significantly higher risk of developing T2D. Organic disorders, intellectual disabilities, developmental and behavioral disorders were not associated with T2D-risk. For all psychiatric disorders significantly associated with T2D, the use of antidepressant medication had the largest proportional mediating effect on the association (13-32 %).

CONCLUSIONS: Use of antidepressant medication had the largest contribution to the associations between psychiatric disorders and incident T2D. Future epidemiological studies and prevention studies should focus on optimizing the use of antidepressant medication with minimal side effects, and the promotion of health behaviors in individuals with a psychiatric disorder to prevent T2D.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer108591
TidsskriftJournal of Diabetes and Its Complications
Vol/bind37
Udgave nummer11
Antal sider9
ISSN1056-8727
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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