Objectives: This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows:. To assess the benefits and harms of electroconvulsive therapy for an acute affective episode (hypomania, mania, mixed state or depression) in children, adolescents, adults and older people with bipolar disorder.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
Cochrane Denmark is funded by the Danish Government. The authors and the CCMD Editorial Team are also grateful to the following peer reviewers for their time and comments: Jiangling Jiang, S Rees and Lindsay Robertson. They would also like to thank Cochrane Copy Edit Support for the team's help. The UK National Institute?for Health Research (NIHR) is the largest single funder of the CCMD Group. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the UK National Health Service (NHS), the NIHR or the UK Department of Health and Social Care.
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