The effect of real-time teleconsultations between hospital-based nurses and patients with severe COPD discharged after an exacerbation

Bidragets oversatte titel: Effekten af simultane telekonsultationer mellem hospitalsbaserede sygeplejersker og patienter med svær KOL udskrevet efter en forværring

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

We investigated the effect of daily real-time teleconsultations for one week between hospital-based nurses specialised in
respiratory diseases and patients with severe COPD discharged after acute exacerbation. Patients admitted with acute exacerbation
of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) at two hospitals were recruited at hospital discharge. They were
randomly assigned to intervention or control. The telemedicine equipment consisted of a briefcase with built-in computer
including a web camera, microphone and measurement equipment. The primary outcome was the mean number of total
hospital readmissions within 26 weeks of discharge. A total of 266 patients (mean age 72 years) were allocated to either
intervention (n¼132) or control (n¼134). There was no significant difference in the unconditional total mean number of
hospital readmissions after 26 weeks: mean 1.4 (SD 2.1) in the intervention group and 1.6 (SD 2.4) in the control group. In a
secondary analysis, there was no significant difference between the two groups in mortality, time to readmission, mean number
of total hospital readmissions, mean number of readmissions with AECOPD, mean number of total hospital readmission days or
mean number of readmission days with AECOPD calculated at 4, 8, 12 and 26 weeks. Thus the addition of one week of
teleconsultations between hospital-based nurses and patients with severe COPD discharged after hospitalisation did not
significantly reduce readmissions or affect mortality.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)466-474
ISSN1357-633X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2013

Emneord

  • Telemedicin, KOL, sygeplejerske konsultationer

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