Effects of load mass and position on the dynamic loading of the knees, shoulders and lumbar spine during lifting: a musculoskeletal modelling approach

Sebastian Skals*, Rúni Bláfoss, Mark de Zee, Lars Louis Andersen, Michael Skipper Andersen

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Abstrakt

Musculoskeletal models may enhance our understanding of the dynamic loading of the joints during manual material handling. This study used state-of-the-art musculoskeletal models to determine the effects of load mass, asymmetry angle, horizontal location and deposit height on the dynamic loading of the knees, shoulders and lumbar spine during lifting. Recommended weight limits and lifting indices were also calculated using the NIOSH lifting equation. Based on 1832 lifts from 22 subjects, we found that load mass had the most substantial effect on L5-S1 compression. Increments in asymmetry led to large increases in mediolateral shear, while load mass and asymmetry had significant effects on anteroposterior shear. Increased deposit height led to higher shoulder forces, while the horizontal location mostly affected the forces in the knees and shoulders. These results generally support the findings of previous research, but notable differences in the trends and magnitudes of the estimated forces were observed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer103491
TidsskriftApplied Ergonomics
Vol/bind96
Antal sider13
ISSN0003-6870
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Independent Research Fund Denmark under grant no. DFF – 7026-00099 to Sebastian Skals.

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