Effect of thrombopoietin receptor agonists on markers of coagulation and P-selectin in patients with immune thrombocytopenia

Lamya Garabet*, Waleed Ghanima, Christine Monceyron Jonassen, Vibe Skov, René Holst, Marie-Christine Mowinckel, C Hasselbalc Hans, A Kruse Torben, Mads Thomassen, Howard Liebman, James B Bussel, Per Morten Sandset

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Abstrakt

Thrombopoietin-receptor-agonists (TPO-RA) are effective treatments of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). Previous long-term TPO-RA clinical trials have shown that thrombotic events occurred in 6% of TPO-RA-treated ITP patients. To explore the increased risk of thrombosis, the effects of TPO-RA on markers of coagulation and P-selectin were studied. The study comprised two ITP cohorts and controls. Cohort 1 included 26 patients with sequential samples acquired before and during treatment with TPO-RA. Cohort 2 included a single sample in 18 patients on TPO-RA for more than one year. Thrombin generation (endogenous thrombin potential (ETP)) prothrombin fragments 1 + 2 (F1+2), D-dimer, and plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were measured as well as soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin). Sequential expression of encoding genes for P-selectin (SELP) and PAI-1 (SERPINE1) was determined in four patients in cohort 1. Significantly higher levels of F1+2, D-dimer, and PAI-1 were found in ITP patients before TPO-RA treatment and in patients on long-term TPO-RA treatment than in controls. Pre-treatment levels of sP-selectin did not differ from controls. Analysis of longitudinal trends showed an increase in platelet count, sP-selectin, and PAI-1 after initiation of TPO-RA, followed by gradual decline. Platelet count and sP-selectin remained at higher levels throughout the study, whereas PAI-1 did not. Levels of other studied parameters did not show significant changes after initiation of treatment. Expression of SELP was up-regulated after initiation of TPO-RA, while the expression of SERPINE1 showed no significant changes. In conclusion, elevated pre-treatment levels of F1+2, D-dimer and PAI-1 are compatible with ITP being an intrinsically pro-thrombotic condition. After TPO-RA treatment, there were no significant changes in markers of coagulation activation or fibrinolysis, except for an initial increase in PAI-1 and a significant increase in sP-selectin both of which may contribute to increased thrombotic risk associated with TPO-RA treatment in ITP.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPlatelets
Vol/bind30
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)206-212
ISSN0953-7104
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 17. feb. 2019

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Citationsformater

Garabet, L., Ghanima, W., Monceyron Jonassen, C., Skov, V., Holst, R., Mowinckel, M-C., Hans, C. H., Torben, A. K., Thomassen, M., Liebman, H., Bussel, J. B., & Sandset, P. M. (2019). Effect of thrombopoietin receptor agonists on markers of coagulation and P-selectin in patients with immune thrombocytopenia. Platelets, 30(2), 206-212. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537104.2017.1394451