Effect of Fluticasone Furoate and Vilanterol on Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Patients with Moderate Airflow Obstruction

SUMMIT Investigators

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Rationale: Inhaled corticosteroids have been shown to decrease exacerbations in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Their effects in patients with milder airflow obstruction remain unclear. Objectives: This was an analysis of exacerbations in the SUMMIT (Study to Understand Mortality and Morbidity) study. Methods: In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial, once-daily inhaled placebo, fluticasone furoate (FF; 100 μg), vilanterol (VI; 25 μg), or the combination of FF/VI was administered. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Exacerbations of COPD were an additional predefined endpoint. A total of 1,368 centers in 43 countries and 16,485 patients with moderate COPD and heightened cardiovascular risk were included in the study. Measurements and Main Results: Compared with placebo, FF/VI reduced the rate of moderate and/or severe exacerbations by 29% (95% confidence interval [CI], 22–35; P < 0.001) and the rate of hospitalized exacerbations by 27% (95% CI, 13–39; P < 0.001). These relative effects were similar regardless of whether subjects had a history of exacerbation in the year before the study or an FEV1 <60% or ≥60% of predicted. The number needed to treat was not influenced by baseline FEV1 but was influenced by the history of exacerbations. FF/VI also reduced the rate of exacerbations treated with corticosteroids alone or with corticosteroids and antibiotics but not the rates of those treated with antibiotics alone. Conclusions: Patients with moderate chronic airflow obstruction experienced a reduction in exacerbations with FF/VI compared with placebo, irrespective of a history of exacerbations or baseline FEV1.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Vol/bind195
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)881-888
Antal sider8
ISSN1073-449X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. apr. 2017
Udgivet eksterntJa

Emneord

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • COPD
  • Exacerbations
  • Fluticasone Furoate
  • Vilanterol

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