Effect of dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow and gastric acid secretion in dogs with gastric fistula

C P Hovendal, K Bech

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric acid secretion and mucosal blood flow. dopamine was used alone and in conjunction with selective blockade of the alpha, beta, and dopaminergic receptors. An increasing and dose-dependent stimulation of gastric acid secretion was found for dopamine at 1, 5, and 10 micrograms/kg/min. A significant inhibition of gastric acid secretion was found with the highest dose of dopamine (40 micrograms/kg/min). the stimulatory effect seems to be mediated by more than one receptor, whereas the inhibition by high dopamine doses could be explained by a beta 1 stimulation. Dopamine (10 micrograms/kg/min) was found to increase the bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow. Phentolamine (alpha blackade) increased this dopamine-elevated blood flow further, with a significant increase in the ratio between blood flow and acid secretion, indicating a primary action of the alpha receptors on blood flow. Bethanechol stimulated the gastric acid secretion and blood flow in a parallel manner. It is concluded that alpha-receptor stimulation is the predominant directly acting factor in the regulation of gastric mucosal blood flow, whereas stimulation of beta, muscarinic, and 'gastrinergic' receptors mainly occurs indirectly via changes in parietal cell function. The main effect of dopamine seems to be on gastric motility, whereas the effect on gastric acid secretion is of minor importance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
BogserieScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Supplement
Vol/bind17
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)647-51
Antal sider5
ISSN0036-5521
StatusUdgivet - aug. 1982

Fingeraftryk

Gastric Fistula
Bethanechol
Gastric Acid
Dogs
Phentolamine
Muscarinic Receptors
Acids

Citer dette

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title = "Effect of dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow and gastric acid secretion in dogs with gastric fistula",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric acid secretion and mucosal blood flow. dopamine was used alone and in conjunction with selective blockade of the alpha, beta, and dopaminergic receptors. An increasing and dose-dependent stimulation of gastric acid secretion was found for dopamine at 1, 5, and 10 micrograms/kg/min. A significant inhibition of gastric acid secretion was found with the highest dose of dopamine (40 micrograms/kg/min). the stimulatory effect seems to be mediated by more than one receptor, whereas the inhibition by high dopamine doses could be explained by a beta 1 stimulation. Dopamine (10 micrograms/kg/min) was found to increase the bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow. Phentolamine (alpha blackade) increased this dopamine-elevated blood flow further, with a significant increase in the ratio between blood flow and acid secretion, indicating a primary action of the alpha receptors on blood flow. Bethanechol stimulated the gastric acid secretion and blood flow in a parallel manner. It is concluded that alpha-receptor stimulation is the predominant directly acting factor in the regulation of gastric mucosal blood flow, whereas stimulation of beta, muscarinic, and 'gastrinergic' receptors mainly occurs indirectly via changes in parietal cell function. The main effect of dopamine seems to be on gastric motility, whereas the effect on gastric acid secretion is of minor importance.",
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Effect of dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow and gastric acid secretion in dogs with gastric fistula. / Hovendal, C P; Bech, K.

I: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Supplement, Bind 17, Nr. 5, 08.1982, s. 647-51.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow and gastric acid secretion in dogs with gastric fistula

AU - Hovendal, C P

AU - Bech, K

PY - 1982/8

Y1 - 1982/8

N2 - The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric acid secretion and mucosal blood flow. dopamine was used alone and in conjunction with selective blockade of the alpha, beta, and dopaminergic receptors. An increasing and dose-dependent stimulation of gastric acid secretion was found for dopamine at 1, 5, and 10 micrograms/kg/min. A significant inhibition of gastric acid secretion was found with the highest dose of dopamine (40 micrograms/kg/min). the stimulatory effect seems to be mediated by more than one receptor, whereas the inhibition by high dopamine doses could be explained by a beta 1 stimulation. Dopamine (10 micrograms/kg/min) was found to increase the bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow. Phentolamine (alpha blackade) increased this dopamine-elevated blood flow further, with a significant increase in the ratio between blood flow and acid secretion, indicating a primary action of the alpha receptors on blood flow. Bethanechol stimulated the gastric acid secretion and blood flow in a parallel manner. It is concluded that alpha-receptor stimulation is the predominant directly acting factor in the regulation of gastric mucosal blood flow, whereas stimulation of beta, muscarinic, and 'gastrinergic' receptors mainly occurs indirectly via changes in parietal cell function. The main effect of dopamine seems to be on gastric motility, whereas the effect on gastric acid secretion is of minor importance.

AB - The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Dopamine on bethanechol-stimulated gastric acid secretion and mucosal blood flow. dopamine was used alone and in conjunction with selective blockade of the alpha, beta, and dopaminergic receptors. An increasing and dose-dependent stimulation of gastric acid secretion was found for dopamine at 1, 5, and 10 micrograms/kg/min. A significant inhibition of gastric acid secretion was found with the highest dose of dopamine (40 micrograms/kg/min). the stimulatory effect seems to be mediated by more than one receptor, whereas the inhibition by high dopamine doses could be explained by a beta 1 stimulation. Dopamine (10 micrograms/kg/min) was found to increase the bethanechol-stimulated gastric mucosal blood flow. Phentolamine (alpha blackade) increased this dopamine-elevated blood flow further, with a significant increase in the ratio between blood flow and acid secretion, indicating a primary action of the alpha receptors on blood flow. Bethanechol stimulated the gastric acid secretion and blood flow in a parallel manner. It is concluded that alpha-receptor stimulation is the predominant directly acting factor in the regulation of gastric mucosal blood flow, whereas stimulation of beta, muscarinic, and 'gastrinergic' receptors mainly occurs indirectly via changes in parietal cell function. The main effect of dopamine seems to be on gastric motility, whereas the effect on gastric acid secretion is of minor importance.

KW - Animals

KW - Bethanechol Compounds

KW - Dogs

KW - Dopamine

KW - Dose-Response Relationship, Drug

KW - Female

KW - Gastric Acid

KW - Gastric Fistula

KW - Gastric Mucosa

KW - Male

KW - Receptors, Adrenergic

KW - Receptors, Dopamine

KW - Regional Blood Flow

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

SP - 647

EP - 651

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Supplement

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. Supplement

SN - 0085-5928

IS - 5

ER -