We collected data on the trade of seven turtle and tortoise species endemic to Indonesia and Malaysia (Amyda cartilaginea, Batagur borneoensis, Cuora amboinensis, Carettochelys insculpta, Heosemys annandalii, Heosemys grandis, and Heosemys spinosa). The data on those species included: operations costs of three breeding farms and one export facility; species life-history traits; and species international legal trade and confiscation data. We collected data for the facilities (one in Malaysia and three in Indonesia) using site visits and a semi-structured questionnaire. We conducted a literature review to compile relevant information on species’ life-history traits to estimate breeding viability. We downloaded species-specific data on international trade from the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Trade Database for the exporting countries (Malaysia and Indonesia) for 2000–2015. We compared legal trade with confiscation data obtained from CITES. The data in this article can provide insights into the operations of turtle breeding farms in Southeast Asia. These data can be used as a reference for the inspection of breeding farms and for legislative bodies to determine whether captive breeding for select turtle species is feasible.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
We thank the Wildlife Reserves of Singapore (WRS), Grant ID FY1819 , for their financial support. We also thank the Biology Department at the University of Southern Denmark (SDU), the Interdisciplinary Centre on Population Dynamics (CPop) at SDU, and the Sponsors and Partners of the Species360 Conservation Science Alliance: Copenhagen Zoo, the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums, and Wildlife Reserves of Singapore) for their financial support. We extend special thanks to our field data collector, who wishes to remain anonymous, and to the anonymous farm owners who kindly shared information for use in this study. Furthermore, we want to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
© 2021 The Authors
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.