Double-coding nucleic acids; Introduction of a nucleobase sequence in the major groove of the DNA duplex using double-headed nucleotides

Pawan Kumar, Antoni Figueras Sorinas, Lise Junker Nielsen, Maria Slot, Kirstine Skytte, Annie S Nielsen, Michael Dalager Jensen, Pawan K Sharma, Birte Vester, Michael Petersen, Poul Nielsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

A series of double-headed nucleosides were synthesized using the Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction. In the reactions, additional nucleobases (thymine, cytosine, adenine, or guanine) were attached to the 5-position of 2′-deoxyuridine or 2′-deoxycytidine through a propyne linker. The modified nucleosides were incorporated into oligonucleotides, and these were combined in different duplexes that were analyzed by thermal denaturation studies. All of the monomers were well tolerated in the DNA duplexes and induced only small changes in the thermal stability. Consecutive incorporations of the monomers led to increases in duplex stability owing to increased stacking interactions. The modified nucleotide monomers maintained the Watson-Crick base pair fidelity. Stable duplexes were observed with heavily modified oligonucleotides featuring 14 consecutive incorporations of different double-headed nucleotide monomers. Thus, modified duplexes with an array of nucleobases on the exterior of the duplex were designed. Molecular dynamics simulations demonstrated that the additional nucleobases could expose their Watson-Crick and/or Hoogsteen faces for recognition in the major groove. This presentation of nucleobases may find applications in providing molecular information without unwinding the duplex.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Organic Chemistry
Vol/bind79
Udgave nummer17
Sider (fra-til)8020-8030
Antal sider11
ISSN0022-3263
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 5. sep. 2014

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