Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance

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Resumé

In this paper, we test whether the perception of filled-pause (FP) frequency and public-speaking performance are mediated by the phonetic characteristics of FPs. In particular, total duration, vowel-formant pattern (if present), and nasal segment proportion of FPs were correlated with perceptual data of 29 German listeners who rated excerpts of business presentations given by 68 German-speaking managers. Results show strong inter-speaker differences in how and how often FPs are realized. Moreover, differences in FP duration and nasal proportion are significantly correlated with estimated (i.e. subjective) FP frequency and perceived speaker performance. The shorter and more nasal a speaker's FPs are, the more do listeners underestimate the speaker's actual FP frequency and the higher they rate the speaker's public-speaking performance. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for FP saliency and rhetorical training.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProc. Interspeech 2019
ForlagInternational Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
Publikationsdato16. sep. 2019
Sider544-548
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 16. sep. 2019
BegivenhedINTERSPEECH 2019 - Graz, Østrig
Varighed: 15. sep. 201919. sep. 2019

Konference

KonferenceINTERSPEECH 2019
LandØstrig
ByGraz
Periode15/09/201919/09/2019
NavnProceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing
ISSN1990-9772

Fingeraftryk

Proportion
Rhetoric
Managers

Citer dette

Niebuhr, O., & Fischer, K. (2019). Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. I Proc. Interspeech 2019 (s. 544-548). International Speech Communication Association (ISCA). Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1194
Niebuhr, Oliver ; Fischer, Kerstin. / Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), 2019. s. 544-548 (Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing).
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title = "Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance",
abstract = "In this paper, we test whether the perception of filled-pause (FP) frequency and public-speaking performance are mediated by the phonetic characteristics of FPs. In particular, total duration, vowel-formant pattern (if present), and nasal segment proportion of FPs were correlated with perceptual data of 29 German listeners who rated excerpts of business presentations given by 68 German-speaking managers. Results show strong inter-speaker differences in how and how often FPs are realized. Moreover, differences in FP duration and nasal proportion are significantly correlated with estimated (i.e. subjective) FP frequency and perceived speaker performance. The shorter and more nasal a speaker's FPs are, the more do listeners underestimate the speaker's actual FP frequency and the higher they rate the speaker's public-speaking performance. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for FP saliency and rhetorical training.",
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author = "Oliver Niebuhr and Kerstin Fischer",
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Niebuhr, O & Fischer, K 2019, Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. i Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, s. 544-548, INTERSPEECH 2019, Graz, Østrig, 15/09/2019. https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1194

Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. / Niebuhr, Oliver; Fischer, Kerstin.

Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA), 2019. s. 544-548 (Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing).

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

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AB - In this paper, we test whether the perception of filled-pause (FP) frequency and public-speaking performance are mediated by the phonetic characteristics of FPs. In particular, total duration, vowel-formant pattern (if present), and nasal segment proportion of FPs were correlated with perceptual data of 29 German listeners who rated excerpts of business presentations given by 68 German-speaking managers. Results show strong inter-speaker differences in how and how often FPs are realized. Moreover, differences in FP duration and nasal proportion are significantly correlated with estimated (i.e. subjective) FP frequency and perceived speaker performance. The shorter and more nasal a speaker's FPs are, the more do listeners underestimate the speaker's actual FP frequency and the higher they rate the speaker's public-speaking performance. The results are discussed in terms of their implications for FP saliency and rhetorical training.

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Niebuhr O, Fischer K. Do not hesitate! – Unless you do it shortly or nasally: How the phonetics of filled pauses determine their subjective frequency and perceived speaker performance. I Proc. Interspeech 2019. International Speech Communication Association (ISCA). 2019. s. 544-548. (Proceedings of the International Conference on Spoken Language Processing). https://doi.org/10.21437/Interspeech.2019-1194