Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries?

Josef Mitáš, Ester Cerin, Rodrigo Siqueira Reis, Terry L Conway, Kelli L Cain, Marc A Adams, Grant Schofield, Olga L Sarmiento, Lars B Christiansen, Rachel Davey, Deborah Salvo, Rosario Orzanco-Garralda, Duncan Macfarlane, Adriano Akira F Hino, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Neville Owen, Delfien Van Dyck, James F Sallis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

18 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

BACKGROUND: Leisure-time and transport activity domains are studied most often because they are considered more amenable to intervention, but to date evidence on these domains is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine patterns of socio-demographic correlates of adults' leisure-time and transport physical activity and how these associations varied across 17 cities in 12 countries.

METHODS: Participants (N = 13,745) aged 18-66 years in the IPEN Adult study and with complete data on socio-demographic and self-reported physical activity characteristics were included. Participants reported frequency and duration of leisure-time and transport activities in the last 7 days using the self-administered International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form. Six physical activity outcomes were examined in relation with age, education, and sex, and analyses explored variations by city and curvilinear associations.

RESULTS: Sex had the most consistent results, with five of six physical activity outcomes showing females were less active than males. Age had the most complex associations with self-report transport and leisure-time physical activity. Compared to older people, younger adults were less likely to engage in transport physical activity, but among those who did, younger people were likely to engage in more active minutes. Curvilinear associations were found between age and all three leisure-time physical activity outcomes, with the youngest and the oldest being more active. Positive associations with education were found for leisure-time physical activity only. There were significant interactions of city with sex and education for multiple physical activity outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS: Although socio-demographic correlates of physical activity are widely studied, the present results provide new information. City-specific findings suggest there will be value in conducting more detailed case studies. The curvilinear associations of age with leisure-time physical activity as well as significant interactions of leisure-time activity with sex and education should be further investigated. The findings of lower leisure-time physical activity among females as well as people with low education suggest that greater and continued efforts in physical activity policies and programs tailored to these high-risk groups are needed internationally.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer121
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Vol/bind16
Antal sider12
ISSN1479-5868
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3. dec. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Sex Education
Leisure Activities
Exercise
Education
Self Report
Young Adult

Citer dette

Mitáš, Josef ; Cerin, Ester ; Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira ; Conway, Terry L ; Cain, Kelli L ; Adams, Marc A ; Schofield, Grant ; Sarmiento, Olga L ; Christiansen, Lars B ; Davey, Rachel ; Salvo, Deborah ; Orzanco-Garralda, Rosario ; Macfarlane, Duncan ; Hino, Adriano Akira F ; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse ; Owen, Neville ; Van Dyck, Delfien ; Sallis, James F. / Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries?. I: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2019 ; Bind 16.
@article{cc8e4248531a4ae492926e22e7ea9d95,
title = "Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries?",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Leisure-time and transport activity domains are studied most often because they are considered more amenable to intervention, but to date evidence on these domains is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine patterns of socio-demographic correlates of adults' leisure-time and transport physical activity and how these associations varied across 17 cities in 12 countries.METHODS: Participants (N = 13,745) aged 18-66 years in the IPEN Adult study and with complete data on socio-demographic and self-reported physical activity characteristics were included. Participants reported frequency and duration of leisure-time and transport activities in the last 7 days using the self-administered International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form. Six physical activity outcomes were examined in relation with age, education, and sex, and analyses explored variations by city and curvilinear associations.RESULTS: Sex had the most consistent results, with five of six physical activity outcomes showing females were less active than males. Age had the most complex associations with self-report transport and leisure-time physical activity. Compared to older people, younger adults were less likely to engage in transport physical activity, but among those who did, younger people were likely to engage in more active minutes. Curvilinear associations were found between age and all three leisure-time physical activity outcomes, with the youngest and the oldest being more active. Positive associations with education were found for leisure-time physical activity only. There were significant interactions of city with sex and education for multiple physical activity outcomes.CONCLUSIONS: Although socio-demographic correlates of physical activity are widely studied, the present results provide new information. City-specific findings suggest there will be value in conducting more detailed case studies. The curvilinear associations of age with leisure-time physical activity as well as significant interactions of leisure-time activity with sex and education should be further investigated. The findings of lower leisure-time physical activity among females as well as people with low education suggest that greater and continued efforts in physical activity policies and programs tailored to these high-risk groups are needed internationally.",
keywords = "Health disparities, IPAQ, International health, Physical activity domain, Social epidemiology",
author = "Josef Mit{\'a}š and Ester Cerin and Reis, {Rodrigo Siqueira} and Conway, {Terry L} and Cain, {Kelli L} and Adams, {Marc A} and Grant Schofield and Sarmiento, {Olga L} and Christiansen, {Lars B} and Rachel Davey and Deborah Salvo and Rosario Orzanco-Garralda and Duncan Macfarlane and Hino, {Adriano Akira F} and {De Bourdeaudhuij}, Ilse and Neville Owen and {Van Dyck}, Delfien and Sallis, {James F}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1186/s12966-019-0894-2",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity",
issn = "1479-5868",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

Mitáš, J, Cerin, E, Reis, RS, Conway, TL, Cain, KL, Adams, MA, Schofield, G, Sarmiento, OL, Christiansen, LB, Davey, R, Salvo, D, Orzanco-Garralda, R, Macfarlane, D, Hino, AAF, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Owen, N, Van Dyck, D & Sallis, JF 2019, 'Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries?', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, bind 16, 121. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0894-2

Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries? / Mitáš, Josef; Cerin, Ester; Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira; Conway, Terry L; Cain, Kelli L; Adams, Marc A; Schofield, Grant; Sarmiento, Olga L; Christiansen, Lars B; Davey, Rachel; Salvo, Deborah; Orzanco-Garralda, Rosario; Macfarlane, Duncan; Hino, Adriano Akira F; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Owen, Neville; Van Dyck, Delfien; Sallis, James F.

I: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Bind 16, 121, 03.12.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do associations of sex, age and education with transport and leisure-time physical activity differ across 17 cities in 12 countries?

AU - Mitáš, Josef

AU - Cerin, Ester

AU - Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira

AU - Conway, Terry L

AU - Cain, Kelli L

AU - Adams, Marc A

AU - Schofield, Grant

AU - Sarmiento, Olga L

AU - Christiansen, Lars B

AU - Davey, Rachel

AU - Salvo, Deborah

AU - Orzanco-Garralda, Rosario

AU - Macfarlane, Duncan

AU - Hino, Adriano Akira F

AU - De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

AU - Owen, Neville

AU - Van Dyck, Delfien

AU - Sallis, James F

PY - 2019/12/3

Y1 - 2019/12/3

N2 - BACKGROUND: Leisure-time and transport activity domains are studied most often because they are considered more amenable to intervention, but to date evidence on these domains is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine patterns of socio-demographic correlates of adults' leisure-time and transport physical activity and how these associations varied across 17 cities in 12 countries.METHODS: Participants (N = 13,745) aged 18-66 years in the IPEN Adult study and with complete data on socio-demographic and self-reported physical activity characteristics were included. Participants reported frequency and duration of leisure-time and transport activities in the last 7 days using the self-administered International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form. Six physical activity outcomes were examined in relation with age, education, and sex, and analyses explored variations by city and curvilinear associations.RESULTS: Sex had the most consistent results, with five of six physical activity outcomes showing females were less active than males. Age had the most complex associations with self-report transport and leisure-time physical activity. Compared to older people, younger adults were less likely to engage in transport physical activity, but among those who did, younger people were likely to engage in more active minutes. Curvilinear associations were found between age and all three leisure-time physical activity outcomes, with the youngest and the oldest being more active. Positive associations with education were found for leisure-time physical activity only. There were significant interactions of city with sex and education for multiple physical activity outcomes.CONCLUSIONS: Although socio-demographic correlates of physical activity are widely studied, the present results provide new information. City-specific findings suggest there will be value in conducting more detailed case studies. The curvilinear associations of age with leisure-time physical activity as well as significant interactions of leisure-time activity with sex and education should be further investigated. The findings of lower leisure-time physical activity among females as well as people with low education suggest that greater and continued efforts in physical activity policies and programs tailored to these high-risk groups are needed internationally.

AB - BACKGROUND: Leisure-time and transport activity domains are studied most often because they are considered more amenable to intervention, but to date evidence on these domains is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine patterns of socio-demographic correlates of adults' leisure-time and transport physical activity and how these associations varied across 17 cities in 12 countries.METHODS: Participants (N = 13,745) aged 18-66 years in the IPEN Adult study and with complete data on socio-demographic and self-reported physical activity characteristics were included. Participants reported frequency and duration of leisure-time and transport activities in the last 7 days using the self-administered International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Long Form. Six physical activity outcomes were examined in relation with age, education, and sex, and analyses explored variations by city and curvilinear associations.RESULTS: Sex had the most consistent results, with five of six physical activity outcomes showing females were less active than males. Age had the most complex associations with self-report transport and leisure-time physical activity. Compared to older people, younger adults were less likely to engage in transport physical activity, but among those who did, younger people were likely to engage in more active minutes. Curvilinear associations were found between age and all three leisure-time physical activity outcomes, with the youngest and the oldest being more active. Positive associations with education were found for leisure-time physical activity only. There were significant interactions of city with sex and education for multiple physical activity outcomes.CONCLUSIONS: Although socio-demographic correlates of physical activity are widely studied, the present results provide new information. City-specific findings suggest there will be value in conducting more detailed case studies. The curvilinear associations of age with leisure-time physical activity as well as significant interactions of leisure-time activity with sex and education should be further investigated. The findings of lower leisure-time physical activity among females as well as people with low education suggest that greater and continued efforts in physical activity policies and programs tailored to these high-risk groups are needed internationally.

KW - Health disparities

KW - IPAQ

KW - International health

KW - Physical activity domain

KW - Social epidemiology

U2 - 10.1186/s12966-019-0894-2

DO - 10.1186/s12966-019-0894-2

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31796070

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

SN - 1479-5868

M1 - 121

ER -