Diversity of preferences can increase collective welfare in sequential exploration problems

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In search engines, online marketplaces and other human-computer interfaces large collectives of individuals sequentially interact with numerous alternatives of varying quality. In these contexts, trial and error (exploration) is crucial for uncovering novel high-quality items or solutions, but entails a high cost for individual users. Self-interested decision makers, are often better off imitating the choices of individuals who have already incurred the costs of exploration. Although imitation makes sense at the individual level, it deprives the group of additional information that could have been gleaned by individual explorers. In this paper we show that in such problems, preference diversity can function as a welfare enhancing mechanism. It leads to a consistent increase in the quality of the consumed alternatives that outweighs the increased cost of search for the users.
TitelCollective Intelligence 2017
Antal sider4
StatusUdgivet - 2017
Begivenhed5th conference on Collective Intelligence - Brooklyn , New York, USA
Varighed: 15. jun. 201716. jun. 2017


Konference5th conference on Collective Intelligence
ByNew York

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