Digitalisation potentials in the electricity ecosystem: lesson learnt from the comparison between Germany and Denmark

Thorsten Hack*, Zheng Ma, Bo Nørregaard Jørgensen


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Digitalisation potentials in the electricity sector are frequently discussed around the world, especially in Europe which has the largest interconnected continental electricity grid in the world. The analysis and comparison of electricity ecosystems between countries can help to enhance international understanding and cooperation. It can also enable businesses to expand. However, little literature has covered the cross-national comparisons of digitalisation potentials in the electricity sector. This paper uses the business ecosystem architecture development methodology to identify commonalities and differences between two electricity ecosystems: Germany and Denmark. The result shows that there are many similarities between the two countries, but the roles of market framework provider, market supervision, and metering point operator are performed by different actors. By comparing the value chain segments, the main differences between Denmark and Germany are the share of renewable energy generation, the organisation of the transmission system, smart meter installation & operations, and the national electricity data hub. Based on the comparisons, six recommendations for the digitalisation of the electricity ecosystem are proposed: digitalisation for enabling more renewable energy resources for electricity generation, digitalisation in the electricity grids, digitalisation ib. the electricity markets, digitalisation on the demand side, especially the transport sector, and regulation-driven digitalisation of the electricity ecosystem.

TidsskriftEnergy Informatics
Udgave nummerSuppl. 2
StatusUdgivet - 24. sep. 2021
Begivenhed1st Energy Informatics Academy Conference Asia - Sino-Danish Center Sustainable Energy, Beijing, Kina
Varighed: 29. maj 202130. maj 2021
Konferencens nummer: 1


Konference1st Energy Informatics Academy Conference Asia
LokationSino-Danish Center Sustainable Energy

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Thank you to Ben Lenk-Ostendorf and Annkatrin Linde for proofreading the manuscript. This article has been published as part of Energy Informatics Volume 4, Supplement 2 2021: Proceedings of the Energy Informatics.Academy Conference Asia 2021. The full contents of the supplement are available at

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).


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