Diabetes-related emotional distress in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients: cross-cultural validity of the problem areas in diabetes scale

Frank J Snoek, F Pouwer, G W Welch, William H Polonsky

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-cultural validity of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID) in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 1,472 Dutch people with diabetes completed the PAID along with other self-report measures of affect. Statistics covered Cronbach's alpha, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Pearson's product-moment correlation, and t tests. Psychometric properties of PAID were compared for Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.

RESULTS: Internal consistency of the Dutch PAID was high and stable across sex and type of diabetes. Test-retest reliability was high. Principal component analyses confirmed 1 general 20-item factor, whereas EFA identified 4 new subdimensions: negative emotions, treatment problems, food-related problems, and lack of social support. These dimensions were confirmed with CFA and were replicated in the U.S. sample. The PAID and its subscales demonstrated moderate to high associations in the expected direction with other measures of affect. Dutch and U.S. subjects reported having the same problem areas, with U.S. patients reporting higher emotional distress levels both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS: The Dutch and U.S. 20-item PAID appeared to be psychometrically equivalent, which allowed for cross-cultural comparisons.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetes Care
Vol/bind23
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1305-9
Antal sider5
ISSN0149-5992
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2000

Fingeraftryk

Statistical Factor Analysis
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Research Design
Food

Citer dette

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title = "Diabetes-related emotional distress in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients: cross-cultural validity of the problem areas in diabetes scale",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-cultural validity of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID) in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 1,472 Dutch people with diabetes completed the PAID along with other self-report measures of affect. Statistics covered Cronbach's alpha, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Pearson's product-moment correlation, and t tests. Psychometric properties of PAID were compared for Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.RESULTS: Internal consistency of the Dutch PAID was high and stable across sex and type of diabetes. Test-retest reliability was high. Principal component analyses confirmed 1 general 20-item factor, whereas EFA identified 4 new subdimensions: negative emotions, treatment problems, food-related problems, and lack of social support. These dimensions were confirmed with CFA and were replicated in the U.S. sample. The PAID and its subscales demonstrated moderate to high associations in the expected direction with other measures of affect. Dutch and U.S. subjects reported having the same problem areas, with U.S. patients reporting higher emotional distress levels both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.CONCLUSIONS: The Dutch and U.S. 20-item PAID appeared to be psychometrically equivalent, which allowed for cross-cultural comparisons.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Emotions, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Netherlands, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Reproducibility of Results, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Multicenter Study",
author = "Snoek, {Frank J} and F Pouwer and Welch, {G W} and Polonsky, {William H}",
year = "2000",
month = "9",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "1305--9",
journal = "Diabetes Care",
issn = "0149-5992",
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Diabetes-related emotional distress in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients : cross-cultural validity of the problem areas in diabetes scale. / Snoek, Frank J; Pouwer, F; Welch, G W; Polonsky, William H.

I: Diabetes Care, Bind 23, Nr. 9, 09.2000, s. 1305-9.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diabetes-related emotional distress in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients

T2 - cross-cultural validity of the problem areas in diabetes scale

AU - Snoek, Frank J

AU - Pouwer, F

AU - Welch, G W

AU - Polonsky, William H

PY - 2000/9

Y1 - 2000/9

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-cultural validity of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID) in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 1,472 Dutch people with diabetes completed the PAID along with other self-report measures of affect. Statistics covered Cronbach's alpha, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Pearson's product-moment correlation, and t tests. Psychometric properties of PAID were compared for Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.RESULTS: Internal consistency of the Dutch PAID was high and stable across sex and type of diabetes. Test-retest reliability was high. Principal component analyses confirmed 1 general 20-item factor, whereas EFA identified 4 new subdimensions: negative emotions, treatment problems, food-related problems, and lack of social support. These dimensions were confirmed with CFA and were replicated in the U.S. sample. The PAID and its subscales demonstrated moderate to high associations in the expected direction with other measures of affect. Dutch and U.S. subjects reported having the same problem areas, with U.S. patients reporting higher emotional distress levels both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.CONCLUSIONS: The Dutch and U.S. 20-item PAID appeared to be psychometrically equivalent, which allowed for cross-cultural comparisons.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the cross-cultural validity of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale (PAID) in Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 1,472 Dutch people with diabetes completed the PAID along with other self-report measures of affect. Statistics covered Cronbach's alpha, exploratory factor analysis (EFA), and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Pearson's product-moment correlation, and t tests. Psychometric properties of PAID were compared for Dutch and U.S. diabetic patients.RESULTS: Internal consistency of the Dutch PAID was high and stable across sex and type of diabetes. Test-retest reliability was high. Principal component analyses confirmed 1 general 20-item factor, whereas EFA identified 4 new subdimensions: negative emotions, treatment problems, food-related problems, and lack of social support. These dimensions were confirmed with CFA and were replicated in the U.S. sample. The PAID and its subscales demonstrated moderate to high associations in the expected direction with other measures of affect. Dutch and U.S. subjects reported having the same problem areas, with U.S. patients reporting higher emotional distress levels both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.CONCLUSIONS: The Dutch and U.S. 20-item PAID appeared to be psychometrically equivalent, which allowed for cross-cultural comparisons.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring

KW - Cross-Cultural Comparison

KW - Diabetes Mellitus

KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1

KW - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

KW - Emotions

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Netherlands

KW - Psychiatric Status Rating Scales

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Stress, Psychological

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - United States

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

KW - Multicenter Study

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 10977023

VL - 23

SP - 1305

EP - 1309

JO - Diabetes Care

JF - Diabetes Care

SN - 0149-5992

IS - 9

ER -