Development and validation of an OECD reproductive toxicity test guideline with the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis (Mollusca, Gastropoda)

Virginie Ducrot, Clare Askem, Didier Azam, Denise Brettschneider, Rebecca Brown, Sandrine Charles, Maira Coke, Marc Collinet, Marie-Laure Delignette-Muller, Carole Forfait-Dubuc, Henrik Holbech, Tom Hutchinson, Arne Jach, Karin Lund Kinnberg, Cedric Lacoste, Gareth Le Page, Peter Matthiessen, Jörg Oehlmann, Lynsey Rice, Edward RobertsKatharina Ruppert, Jessica Elphinstone Davis, Clemence Veauvy, Lennart Weltje, Ruth Wortham, Laurent Lagadic

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The OECD test guideline development program has been extended in 2011 to establish a partial life-cycle protocol for assessing the reproductive toxicity of chemicals to several mollusk species, including the great pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis. In this paper, we summarize the standard draft protocol for a reproduction test with this species, and present inter-comparison results obtained in a 56-day prevalidation ring-test using this protocol.Seven European laboratories performed semi-static tests with cultured snails of the strain Renilys® exposed to nominal concentrations of cadmium chloride (from 53 to 608μgCdL -1). Cd concentrations in test solutions were analytically determined to confirm accuracy in the metal exposure concentrations in all laboratories. Physico-chemical and biological validity criteria (namely dissolved oxygen content >60% ASV, water temperature 20±1°C, control snail survival >80% and control snail fecundity >8 egg-masses per snail over the test period) were met in all laboratories which consistently demonstrated the reproductive toxicity of Cd in snails using the proposed draft protocol. Effect concentrations for fecundity after 56days were reproducible between laboratories (68<EC 50-56d<124μgL -1) and were consistent with literature data. EC 50-56d and EC 10-56d values were comprised within a factor of 1.8 and 3.6, respectively, which is in the range of acceptable variation defined for reference chemicals in OECD test guidelines for invertebrates. The inter-laboratory reproducibility coefficient of variation (CV) for the Cd LC 50-56d values was 8.19%. The inter-laboratory comparison of fecundity within the controls gave a CV of 29.12%, while exposure to Cd gave a CV of 25.49% based on the EC 50-56d values. The OECD has acknowledged the success of this prevalidation exercise and a validation ring-test involving 14 laboratories in Europe, North- and South-America is currently being implemented using four chemicals (Cd, prochloraz, trenbolone and tributyltin).

TidsskriftRegulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til) 605-614
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2014


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