Achieving full-polarization (σ) invisibility on an arbitrary three-dimensional (3D) platform is a long-held knotty issue yet extremely promising in real-world stealth applications. However, state-of-the-art invisibility cloaks typically work under a specific polarization because the anisotropy and orientation-selective resonant nature of artificial materials made the σ-immune operation elusive and terribly challenging. Here, we report a deterministic approach to engineer a metasurface skin cloak working under an arbitrary polarization state by theoretically synergizing two cloaking phase patterns required, respectively, at spin-up (σ +) and spin-down (σ −) states. Therein, the wavefront of any light impinging on the cloak can be well preserved since it is a superposition of σ + and σ − wave. To demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability, several proof-of-concept metasurface cloaks are designed to wrap over a 3D triangle platform at microwave frequency. Results show that our cloaks are essentially capable of restoring the amplitude and phase of reflected beams as if light was incident on a flat mirror or an arbitrarily predesigned shape under full polarization states with a desirable bandwidth of ~17.9%, conceiving or deceiving an arbitrary object placed inside. Our approach, deterministic and robust in terms of accurate theoretical design, reconciles the milestone dilemma in stealth discipline and opens up an avenue for the extreme capability of ultrathin 3D cloaking of an arbitrary shape, paving up the road for real-world applications.
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the supports by the National Defense Foundation of China (2019-JCJQ-JJ-081), Youth Talent Lifting Project of the China Association for Science and Technology (17-JCJQ-QT-003), Key Program of Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province (2020JZ-33), Key Principal’s Fund of Air Force Engineering University (XNLX19030601), Villum Fonden of Denmark (Grant No. 00022988), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant NO. 2017YFA0700202), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61701082).
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