Rapid clinical and laboratory diagnoses are the foundation for a successful management of serious infections with Neisseria meningitidis. A species-specific multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) coupled with fluidic microarrays using microbeads (the Luminex xMAP™ Technology) can detect pathogens most frequently found in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients. The Luminex suspension array system uniquely combines flow cytometry, microspheres, laser technology, digital signal processing, and traditional chemistry. In this method, the reaction is carried out in one vessel, in which distinctly color-coded bead sets, each conjugated with a different specific nucleic acid reactant, are hybridized with the PCR products, and a reporter molecule is used to quantify the interaction. The flow-based Luminex array reader identifies each reaction (bead set) after excitation by a red classification laser. Reporter signals from each reaction are simultaneously quantified by fluorescence generated by a green reporter laser. This nonculture, multiplex assay may prove to be an important tool for optimal laboratory diagnosis, not only of meningococcal meningitis, but also of meningitis caused by other bacterial or viral pathogens.