Degradation pathways in standard and inverted DBP-C70 based organic solar cells

Golnaz Sherafatipour, johannes Benduhn, Bhushan Ramesh Patil, Mehrad Ahmadpour, Donato Spoltore, Horst-Günter Rubahn, Koen Vandewal, Morten Madsen*

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Achieving long-term stability in organic solar cells is a remaining bottleneck for the commercialization of this otherwise highly appealing technology. In this work, we study the performance and stability differences in standard and inverted DBP/C70 based organic solar cells. Differences in the charge-transfer state properties of inverted and standard configuration DBP/C70 solar cells are revealed by sensitive external quantum efficiency measurements, leading to differences in the open-circuit voltages of the devices. The degradation of standard and inverted solar cell configurations at ISOS aging test conditions (ISOS-D-3 and ISOS-T-3) was investigated and compared. The results indicate that the performance drop in the small molecule bilayer solar cells is less related to changes at the D-A interface, suggesting also a pronounced morphological stability, and instead, in the case of inverted cells, dominated by degradation at the electron transport layer (ETL) bathocuproine (BCP). Photoluminescence measurements, electron-only-device characteristics, and stability measurements show improved exciton blocking, electron transport properties and a higher stability for BCP/Ag ETL stacks, giving rise to inverted devices with enhanced performance and device stability.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer4024
TidsskriftScientific Reports
Vol/bind9
Antal sider11
ISSN2045-2322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 11. mar. 2019

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