Cyclosporin A ameliorates cerebral oxidative metabolism and infarct size in the endothelin-1 rat model of transient cerebral ischaemia

Axel Forsse, Troels Halfeld Nielsen, Kevin Heebøll Nygaard, Carl-Henrik Nordström, Jan Bert Gramsbergen, Frantz Rom Poulsen

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Abstract

Cerebral microdialysis can be used to detect mitochondrial dysfunction, a potential target of neuroprotective treatment. Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a mitochondrial stabiliser that in a recent clinical stroke trial showed protective potential in patients with successful recanalisation. To investigate specific metabolic effects of CsA during reperfusion, and hypothesising that microdialysis values can be used as a proxy outcome measure, we assessed the temporal patterns of cerebral energy substrates related to oxidative metabolism in a model of transient focal ischaemia. Transient ischaemia was induced by intracerebral microinjection of endothelin-1 (150 pmol/15 µL) through stereotaxically implanted guide cannulas in awake, freely moving rats. This was immediately followed by an intravenous injection of CsA (NeuroSTAT; 15 mg/kg) or placebo solution during continuous microdialysis monitoring. After reperfusion, the lactate/pyruvate ratio (LPR) was significantly lower in the CsA group vs placebo (n = 17, 60.6 ± 24.3%, p = 0.013). Total and striatal infarct volumes (mm3) were reduced in the treatment group (n = 31, 61.8 ± 6.0 vs 80.6 ± 6.7, p = 0.047 and 29.9 ± 3.5 vs 41.5 ± 3.9, p = 0.033). CsA treatment thus ameliorated cerebral reperfusion metabolism and infarct size. Cerebral microdialysis may be useful in evaluating putative neuroprotectants in ischaemic stroke.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer3702
TidsskriftScientific Reports
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer1
ISSN2045-2322
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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