Crystal structures of human immune protein FIBCD1 suggest an extended binding site compatible with recognition of pathogen associated carbohydrate motifs

Harry M. Williams, Jesper B. Moeller, Ian Burns, Anders Schlosser, Grith L. Sorensen, Trevor J. Greenhough, Uffe Holmskov, Annette K. Shrive

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Abstract

Fibrinogen C domain-containing protein 1 (FIBCD1) is an immune protein proposed to be involved in host recognition of chitin on the surface of pathogens. As FIBCD1 readily binds acetylated molecules, we have determined the high-resolution crystal structures of a recombinant fragment of the FIBCD1 C-terminal domain complexed with small N-acetyl-containing ligands to determine the mode of recognition. All ligands bind at the conserved N-acetyl-binding site (S1) with galactose and glucose-derived ligands rotated 180° relative to each other. One subunit of a native structure derived from protein expressed in mammalian cells binds glycosylation from a neighboring subunit, in an extended binding site. Across the various structures, the primary S1 binding pocket is occupied by N-acetyl-containing ligands or acetate, with N-acetyl, acetate, or sulfate ion in an adjacent pocket S1(2). Inhibition binding studies of N-acetylglucosamine oligomers, (GlcNAc) n, n = 1, 2, 3, 5, 11, via ELISA along with microscale thermophoresis affinity assays indicate a strong preference of FIBCD1 for longer N-acetylchitooligosaccharides. Binding studies of mutant H396A, located beyond the S1(2) site, showed no significant difference from wildtype, but K381L, within the S1(2) pocket, blocked binding to the model ligand acetylated bovine serum albumin, suggesting that S1(2) may have functional importance in ligand binding. The binding studies, alongside structural definition of diverse N-acetyl monosaccharide binding in the primary S1 pocket and of additional, adjacent binding pockets, able to accommodate both carbohydrate and sulfate functional groups, suggest a versatility in FIBCD1 to recognize chitin oligomers and other pathogen-associated carbohydrate motifs across an extended surface.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer105552
TidsskriftJournal of Biological Chemistry
Vol/bind300
Udgave nummer1
ISSN0021-9258
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2024

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