Conversation Analysis in Applied Linguistics

Bidragets oversatte titel: Samtaleanalyse i anvendt lingvistik

Gabriele Kasper, Johannes Wagner

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    Abstract

    For the last decade, conversation analysis (CA) has increasingly contributed to several established fields in applied linguistics. In this article, we will discuss its methodological contributions. The article distinguishes between basic and applied CA. Basic CA is a sociological endeavor concerned with understanding fundamental issues of talk in action and of intersubjectivity in human conduct. The field has expanded its scope from the analysis of talk-often phone calls-towards an integration of language with other semiotic resources for embodied action, including space and objects. Much of this expansion has been driven by applied work. After laying out CA's standard practices of data treatment and analysis, this article takes up the role of comparison as a fundamental analytical strategy and reviews recent developments into cross-linguistic and cross-cultural directions. The remaining article focuses on applied CA, the application of basic CA's principles, methods, and findings to the study of social domains and practices that are interactionally constituted. We consider three strands-foundational, social problem oriented, and institutional applied CA-before turning to recent developments in CA research on learning and development. In conclusion, we address some emerging themes in the relationship of CA and applied linguistics, including the role of multilingualism, standard social science methods as research objects, CA's potential for direct social intervention, and increasing efforts to complement CA with quantitative analysis.

    Bidragets oversatte titelSamtaleanalyse i anvendt lingvistik
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    BogserieAnnual Review of Applied Linguistics
    Vol/bind34
    Udgave nummerMarch
    Sider (fra-til)171-212
    Antal sider41
    ISSN0267-1905
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2014

    Emneord

    • Conversation Analysis
    • Applied Linguistics

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