Aim: To describe the frequency and types of major congenital anomalies present in children with pre- or perinatally acquired cerebral palsy (CP), and compare clinical outcomes for children with and without anomalies. Method: This multi-centre total population collaborative study between Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe, Australian Cerebral Palsy Register, and European Surveillance of Congenital Anomalies (EUROCAT) involved six European and three Australian regions. Data were linked between each region’s CP and congenital anomaly register for children born between 1991 and 2009, and then pooled. Children were classified into mutually exclusive categories based on type of anomaly. Proportions of children with congenital anomalies were calculated, and clinical outcomes compared between children with and without anomalies. Results: Of 8201 children with CP, 22.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] 21.9, 23.8) had a major congenital anomaly. Isolated cerebral anomalies were most common (45.2%), with a further 8.6% having both cerebral and non-cerebral anomalies. Cardiac anomalies only were described in 10.5% of children and anomalies associated with syndromes were also reported: genetic (8.0%), chromosomal (5.7%), and teratogenic (3.0%). Clinical outcomes were more severe for children with CP and congenital anomalies, particularly cerebral anomalies. Interpretation: This large, international study reports major congenital anomalies in nearly one-quarter of children with pre- or perinatally acquired CP. Future research must focus on aetiological pathways to CP that include specific patterns of congenital anomalies.