Computer-Generated Speaker Charisma and Its Effects on Human Actions in a Car-Navigation System Experiment - or How Steve Jobs’ Tone of Voice Can Take You Anywhere

Oliver Niebuhr, Jan Michalsky

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

Resumé

A particularly persuasive (charismatic) tone of voice has a far reaching influence on people’s opinions and actions. However, does this also apply if the charismatic tone of voice is produced by a computer, and if this computer asks people to act against better knowledge? Addressing these questions, an experiment was set up in which 30 locals of Sonderborg/DK were asked to conduct a test drive with a car from the marina to the university campus of the city. The test drive was conducted on the pretext of assessing a newly developed retrofit car navigation system that provides voice instructions only. The locals did not know that the system was only a remote-controlled mock-up that, moreover, started giving its driver wrong instructions after about half of the trip. The instructions got successively falser, until the only option to get to the university campus was to make a complete U-turn. We measured the point at which the drivers aborted the test drive in two conditions. In the first one, the system spoke with the more charismatic tone of voice of Steve Jobs. In the
second one, it spoke with the less charismatic tone of voice of Mark Zuckerberg. Results show that drivers followed the navigation system’s increasingly worsening instructions significantly longer in the Steve Jobs condition, and that the system received higher quality, trustworthiness, and purchase ratings if it spoke with Steve Jobs’ tone of voice. Results are discussed in terms of persuasive technology and implications for charisma/leadership analyses and training.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelComputational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 - 19th International Conference, 2019, Proceedings
RedaktørerSanjay Misra, Osvaldo Gervasi, Beniamino Murgante, Elena Stankova, Vladimir Korkhov, Carmelo Torre, Ana Maria A.C. Rocha, David Taniar, Bernady O. Apduhan, Eufemia Tarantino
ForlagSpringer
Publikationsdato29. jun. 2019
Sider375–390
ISBN (Trykt)978-3-030-24295-4
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-3-030-24296-1
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 29. jun. 2019
Begivenhed19th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications - Saint Petersburg, Rusland
Varighed: 1. jul. 20194. jul. 2019

Konference

Konference19th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications
LandRusland
BySaint Petersburg
Periode01/07/201904/07/2019
NavnLecture Notes in Computer Science
Vol/bind11620
ISSN0302-9743

Fingeraftryk

charisma
experiment
instruction
driver
university
trustworthiness
purchase
rating
leadership

Citer dette

Niebuhr, O., & Michalsky, J. (2019). Computer-Generated Speaker Charisma and Its Effects on Human Actions in a Car-Navigation System Experiment - or How Steve Jobs’ Tone of Voice Can Take You Anywhere. I S. Misra, O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, E. Stankova, V. Korkhov, C. Torre, A. M. A. C. Rocha, D. Taniar, B. O. Apduhan, ... E. Tarantino (red.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 - 19th International Conference, 2019, Proceedings (s. 375–390). Springer. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Bind. 11620 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24296-1_31
Niebuhr, Oliver ; Michalsky, Jan. / Computer-Generated Speaker Charisma and Its Effects on Human Actions in a Car-Navigation System Experiment - or How Steve Jobs’ Tone of Voice Can Take You Anywhere. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 - 19th International Conference, 2019, Proceedings. red. / Sanjay Misra ; Osvaldo Gervasi ; Beniamino Murgante ; Elena Stankova ; Vladimir Korkhov ; Carmelo Torre ; Ana Maria A.C. Rocha ; David Taniar ; Bernady O. Apduhan ; Eufemia Tarantino. Springer, 2019. s. 375–390 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Bind 11620).
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abstract = "A particularly persuasive (charismatic) tone of voice has a far reaching influence on people’s opinions and actions. However, does this also apply if the charismatic tone of voice is produced by a computer, and if this computer asks people to act against better knowledge? Addressing these questions, an experiment was set up in which 30 locals of Sonderborg/DK were asked to conduct a test drive with a car from the marina to the university campus of the city. The test drive was conducted on the pretext of assessing a newly developed retrofit car navigation system that provides voice instructions only. The locals did not know that the system was only a remote-controlled mock-up that, moreover, started giving its driver wrong instructions after about half of the trip. The instructions got successively falser, until the only option to get to the university campus was to make a complete U-turn. We measured the point at which the drivers aborted the test drive in two conditions. In the first one, the system spoke with the more charismatic tone of voice of Steve Jobs. In thesecond one, it spoke with the less charismatic tone of voice of Mark Zuckerberg. Results show that drivers followed the navigation system’s increasingly worsening instructions significantly longer in the Steve Jobs condition, and that the system received higher quality, trustworthiness, and purchase ratings if it spoke with Steve Jobs’ tone of voice. Results are discussed in terms of persuasive technology and implications for charisma/leadership analyses and training.",
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Niebuhr, O & Michalsky, J 2019, Computer-Generated Speaker Charisma and Its Effects on Human Actions in a Car-Navigation System Experiment - or How Steve Jobs’ Tone of Voice Can Take You Anywhere. i S Misra, O Gervasi, B Murgante, E Stankova, V Korkhov, C Torre, AMAC Rocha, D Taniar, BO Apduhan & E Tarantino (red), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 - 19th International Conference, 2019, Proceedings. Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, bind 11620, s. 375–390, 19th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, Saint Petersburg, Rusland, 01/07/2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24296-1_31

Computer-Generated Speaker Charisma and Its Effects on Human Actions in a Car-Navigation System Experiment - or How Steve Jobs’ Tone of Voice Can Take You Anywhere. / Niebuhr, Oliver; Michalsky, Jan.

Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 - 19th International Conference, 2019, Proceedings. red. / Sanjay Misra; Osvaldo Gervasi; Beniamino Murgante; Elena Stankova; Vladimir Korkhov; Carmelo Torre; Ana Maria A.C. Rocha; David Taniar; Bernady O. Apduhan; Eufemia Tarantino. Springer, 2019. s. 375–390 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Bind 11620).

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

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Niebuhr O, Michalsky J. Computer-Generated Speaker Charisma and Its Effects on Human Actions in a Car-Navigation System Experiment - or How Steve Jobs’ Tone of Voice Can Take You Anywhere. I Misra S, Gervasi O, Murgante B, Stankova E, Korkhov V, Torre C, Rocha AMAC, Taniar D, Apduhan BO, Tarantino E, red., Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2019 - 19th International Conference, 2019, Proceedings. Springer. 2019. s. 375–390. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Bind 11620). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24296-1_31