Cancer has become the leading cause of death in many countries. Chemotherapy is a key component in the treatment of most cancers but has limited efficacy if the cancer develops resistance to the treatment over time and recur. RNA interference may be used to reduce the production of the proteins responsible for chemotherapeutic resistance. Small interfering RNAs (siRNA) may be used to induce RNA interference but the application of these to cancer cells is hampered by poor serum stability and delivery to their cytoplasmic site of activity. This work introduces a novel nanoparticle delivery system for siRNA and hydrophobic anticancer drugs. The system is based on a cationic MDEA esterquat, which is widely and safely used in personal care products but has never been assessed for drug delivery applications. We show that MDEA forms spherical compact nanoparticles when combined with siRNA that delivers the siRNA to cancer cells where it induces gene silencing. By combining DOPE and MDEA in ratios of 2:1 and 3:1, even higher gene silencing levels (>90%) may be achieved. The system is capable of combinational therapy by co-delivering siRNA and the chemotherapeutic drug etoposide to cancer cells and these particles both induce gene silencing and chemotherapy induced cell death. We believe the present system may be used for intra-tumoral injection of chemotherapy in solid chemotherapy resistant tumors and for systemic delivery with further development.
|Tidsskrift||European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Status||Udgivet - jan. 2019|