Citizen responses to government restrictions in Switzerland during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cross-sectional survey

Kevin Selby*, Marie Anne Durand, Alexandre Gouveia, Francesca Bosisio, Gaia Barazzetti, Maxime Hostettler, Valérie D'Acremont, Alain Kaufmann, Christian von Plessen

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Abstrakt

Background: The success of government-recommended mitigation measures during the COVID-19 pandemic depends largely on information uptake and implementation by individual citizens. Objective: Our aim was to assess citizens' knowledge and perceptions about COVID-19 recommendations in the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland. Methods: A cross-sectional electronic survey with open and closed questions was disseminated by community-based partners prior to the relaxation of government restrictions. Outcomes included citizen knowledge (9-question measure) and worry about the virus, perception of government measures, and recommendations for improvements. Comparisons used linear regression, controlling for age, sex, education, and health literacy. Free-text answers were analyzed thematically. Results: Of 807 people who accessed the survey, 684 (85%) completed all questions and 479 (60%) gave free-text recommendations. Overall, 75% were female, the mean age was 48 years, and 93% had high health literacy. Knowledge scores were high, with a median score of 8 out of 9. Mean levels of worry about the COVID-19 pandemic were higher in women than men (55/100 versus 44/100, P<.001), and in respondents with lower health literacy (57/100 versus 52/100, P=.03). Self-reported adherence to recommendations was high (85%) and increased with age and worry (both P<.001). Respondents rated their own adherence higher than others (85% versus 61%, P<.001). Moreover, 34% of respondents reported having self-quarantined; this rose to 52% for those aged ≥75 years. Those who had self-quarantined reported higher levels of fear. Nearly half (49%) of respondents felt the government response had been adequate, though younger age and higher levels of worry were associated with considering the response to be insufficient (both P<.001). Analysis of open-text answers revealed 4 major themes: access to and use of masks, gloves, and hand sanitizer; government messaging; lockdown and lockdown exit plan communication; and testing for COVID-19. Conclusions: Knowledge, adherence, and satisfaction regarding government recommendations and response were high in this sample, but many desired greater access to personal protective equipment. Those with lower health literacy and those who have been in self-isolation reported greater concerns about the pandemic.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere20871
TidsskriftJMIR Formative Research
Vol/bind4
Udgave nummer12
ISSN2561-326X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank all of our community partners for their responsiveness and support, especially Yannis Papadaniel from the F?d?ration Romande des Consommateurs.

Publisher Copyright:
© Kevin Selby, Marie-Anne Durand, Alexandre Gouveia, Francesca Bosisio, Gaia Barazzetti, Maxime Hostettler, Valérie D'Acremont, Alain Kaufmann, Christian von Plessen. Originally published in JMIR Formative Research (http://formative.jmir.org),03.12.2020. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Formative Research, is properly cited. The complete bibliographic information, a link to the original publication on http://formative.jmir.org, as well as this copyright and license information must be included.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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