Changes in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in response to dietary salt intake in normal and hypertensive pregnancy. A randomized trial

Lise H Nielsen, Per Ovesen, Mie R Hansen, Steven Brantlov, Bente Jespersen, Peter Bie, Boye L Jensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

It was hypothesized that primary renal sodium retention blunted the reactivity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to changes in salt intake in preeclampsia (PE). A randomized, cross-over, double-blinded, dietary intervention design was used to measure the effects of salt tablets or placebo during low-salt diet in PE patients (n = 7), healthy pregnant women (n = 15), and nonpregnant women (n = 13). High-salt intake decreased renin and angiotensin II concentrations significantly in healthy pregnant women (P < .03) and in nonpregnant women (P < .001), but not in PE (P = .58), while decreases in aldosterone and increases in brain natriuretic peptid (BNP) were similar in the groups. In PE patients, uterine and umbilical artery indices were not adversely changed during low-salt diet. Creatinine clearance was significantly lower in PE with no change by salt intake. PE patients displayed alterations of plasma renin and angiotensin II in response to changes in dietary salt intake compatible with a primary increase in renal sodium reabsorption in hypertensive pregnancies.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Society of Hypertension. Journal
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)881-890.e4
ISSN1933-1711
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

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