Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity

A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study

Marieke De Craemer, Maïté Verloigne, Ariane Ghekiere, Anne Loyen, Patricia Dargent-Molina, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien, Karsten Froberg, Niels Wedderkopp, Sebastien Chastin, Greet Cardon, Jelle Van Cauwenberg

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Resumé

OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in children's television and computer time according to three socio-economic status (SES) indicators.

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

METHODS: Data were drawn from the European Youth Heart Study and included longitudinal data collected in 1997 and 2003 in Denmark. Television and computer time were self-reported by children. Parental education, income and ethnicity were parent-reported. Baseline data were available for 549 children (47.0% boys, 9.6 years). Generalized linear mixed models analyzed whether changes in television and computer time from baseline to follow-up differed according to the SES-indicators.

RESULT: TV viewing time increased with 25% over time (ExpB = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.04-1.50). At both time points, children with two higher educated parents viewed 25% less hours of television than children with no higher educated parents (ExpB = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.60-0.94) and one higher educated parent (ExpB = 0.75, 95%CI = 0.59-0.97). Among children with no higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time increased with 80% over time (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.24-2.60). Among children with two higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time decreased with 45% over time (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.32-0.94). The association with ethnicity showed that white children had 42% lower odds (OR = 0.58; 95% CI = 0.34-1.00) of being in a higher category of computer time than non-white children. No significant associations were found for parental income.

CONCLUSIONS: The most important SES measure of screen-based behaviors in children was parental education. Ethnicity was only associated with computer time. Financial resources were less relevant for changes in television viewing and computer use.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere0203592
TidsskriftPLOS ONE
Vol/bind13
Udgave nummer9
Antal sider13
ISSN1932-6203
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. sep. 2018

Fingeraftryk

television
longitudinal studies
nationalities and ethnic groups
Television
Longitudinal Studies
education
income
Education
socioeconomic status
Parents
Economics
cohort studies
Denmark
Child Behavior
heart
Linear Models
Cohort Studies

Citer dette

De Craemer, M., Verloigne, M., Ghekiere, A., Loyen, A., Dargent-Molina, P., Brug, J., ... Van Cauwenberg, J. (2018). Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity: A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study. PLOS ONE, 13(9), [e0203592]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203592
De Craemer, Marieke ; Verloigne, Maïté ; Ghekiere, Ariane ; Loyen, Anne ; Dargent-Molina, Patricia ; Brug, Johannes ; Lien, Nanna ; Froberg, Karsten ; Wedderkopp, Niels ; Chastin, Sebastien ; Cardon, Greet ; Van Cauwenberg, Jelle. / Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity : A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study. I: PLOS ONE. 2018 ; Bind 13, Nr. 9.
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title = "Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity: A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in children's television and computer time according to three socio-economic status (SES) indicators.DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.METHODS: Data were drawn from the European Youth Heart Study and included longitudinal data collected in 1997 and 2003 in Denmark. Television and computer time were self-reported by children. Parental education, income and ethnicity were parent-reported. Baseline data were available for 549 children (47.0{\%} boys, 9.6 years). Generalized linear mixed models analyzed whether changes in television and computer time from baseline to follow-up differed according to the SES-indicators.RESULT: TV viewing time increased with 25{\%} over time (ExpB = 1.25, 95{\%} CI = 1.04-1.50). At both time points, children with two higher educated parents viewed 25{\%} less hours of television than children with no higher educated parents (ExpB = 0.75, 95{\%} CI = 0.60-0.94) and one higher educated parent (ExpB = 0.75, 95{\%}CI = 0.59-0.97). Among children with no higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time increased with 80{\%} over time (OR = 1.80, 95{\%} CI = 1.24-2.60). Among children with two higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time decreased with 45{\%} over time (OR = 0.55, 95{\%} CI = 0.32-0.94). The association with ethnicity showed that white children had 42{\%} lower odds (OR = 0.58; 95{\%} CI = 0.34-1.00) of being in a higher category of computer time than non-white children. No significant associations were found for parental income.CONCLUSIONS: The most important SES measure of screen-based behaviors in children was parental education. Ethnicity was only associated with computer time. Financial resources were less relevant for changes in television viewing and computer use.",
author = "{De Craemer}, Marieke and Ma{\"i}t{\'e} Verloigne and Ariane Ghekiere and Anne Loyen and Patricia Dargent-Molina and Johannes Brug and Nanna Lien and Karsten Froberg and Niels Wedderkopp and Sebastien Chastin and Greet Cardon and {Van Cauwenberg}, Jelle",
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De Craemer, M, Verloigne, M, Ghekiere, A, Loyen, A, Dargent-Molina, P, Brug, J, Lien, N, Froberg, K, Wedderkopp, N, Chastin, S, Cardon, G & Van Cauwenberg, J 2018, 'Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity: A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study', PLOS ONE, bind 13, nr. 9, e0203592. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203592

Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity : A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study. / De Craemer, Marieke; Verloigne, Maïté; Ghekiere, Ariane; Loyen, Anne; Dargent-Molina, Patricia; Brug, Johannes; Lien, Nanna; Froberg, Karsten; Wedderkopp, Niels; Chastin, Sebastien; Cardon, Greet; Van Cauwenberg, Jelle.

I: PLOS ONE, Bind 13, Nr. 9, e0203592, 01.09.2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in children's television and computer time according to parental education, parental income and ethnicity

T2 - A 6-year longitudinal EYHS study

AU - De Craemer, Marieke

AU - Verloigne, Maïté

AU - Ghekiere, Ariane

AU - Loyen, Anne

AU - Dargent-Molina, Patricia

AU - Brug, Johannes

AU - Lien, Nanna

AU - Froberg, Karsten

AU - Wedderkopp, Niels

AU - Chastin, Sebastien

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - Van Cauwenberg, Jelle

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in children's television and computer time according to three socio-economic status (SES) indicators.DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.METHODS: Data were drawn from the European Youth Heart Study and included longitudinal data collected in 1997 and 2003 in Denmark. Television and computer time were self-reported by children. Parental education, income and ethnicity were parent-reported. Baseline data were available for 549 children (47.0% boys, 9.6 years). Generalized linear mixed models analyzed whether changes in television and computer time from baseline to follow-up differed according to the SES-indicators.RESULT: TV viewing time increased with 25% over time (ExpB = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.04-1.50). At both time points, children with two higher educated parents viewed 25% less hours of television than children with no higher educated parents (ExpB = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.60-0.94) and one higher educated parent (ExpB = 0.75, 95%CI = 0.59-0.97). Among children with no higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time increased with 80% over time (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.24-2.60). Among children with two higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time decreased with 45% over time (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.32-0.94). The association with ethnicity showed that white children had 42% lower odds (OR = 0.58; 95% CI = 0.34-1.00) of being in a higher category of computer time than non-white children. No significant associations were found for parental income.CONCLUSIONS: The most important SES measure of screen-based behaviors in children was parental education. Ethnicity was only associated with computer time. Financial resources were less relevant for changes in television viewing and computer use.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in children's television and computer time according to three socio-economic status (SES) indicators.DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.METHODS: Data were drawn from the European Youth Heart Study and included longitudinal data collected in 1997 and 2003 in Denmark. Television and computer time were self-reported by children. Parental education, income and ethnicity were parent-reported. Baseline data were available for 549 children (47.0% boys, 9.6 years). Generalized linear mixed models analyzed whether changes in television and computer time from baseline to follow-up differed according to the SES-indicators.RESULT: TV viewing time increased with 25% over time (ExpB = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.04-1.50). At both time points, children with two higher educated parents viewed 25% less hours of television than children with no higher educated parents (ExpB = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.60-0.94) and one higher educated parent (ExpB = 0.75, 95%CI = 0.59-0.97). Among children with no higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time increased with 80% over time (OR = 1.80, 95% CI = 1.24-2.60). Among children with two higher educated parents the odds of being in a higher category of computer time decreased with 45% over time (OR = 0.55, 95% CI = 0.32-0.94). The association with ethnicity showed that white children had 42% lower odds (OR = 0.58; 95% CI = 0.34-1.00) of being in a higher category of computer time than non-white children. No significant associations were found for parental income.CONCLUSIONS: The most important SES measure of screen-based behaviors in children was parental education. Ethnicity was only associated with computer time. Financial resources were less relevant for changes in television viewing and computer use.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0203592

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0203592

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 9

M1 - e0203592

ER -