CD146 expression on primary nonhematopoietic bone marrow stem cells is correlated with in situ localization

Ariane Tormin, Ou Li, Jan Claas Brune, Stuart Walsh, Birgit Schütz, Mats Ehinger, Nicholas Ditzel, Moustapha Kassem, Stefan Scheding

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Abstrakt

Nonhematopoietic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are of central importance for bone marrow stroma and the hematopoietic environment. However, the exact phenotype and anatomical distribution of specified MSC populations in the marrow are unknown. We characterized the phenotype of primary human BM-MSCs and found that all assayable colony-forming units-fibroblast (CFU-Fs) were highly and exclusively enriched not only in the lin⁻/CD271⁺/CD45⁻/CD146⁺ stem-cell fraction, but also in lin⁻/CD271⁺/CD45⁻/CD146(⁻/low) cells. Both populations, regardless of CD146 expression, shared a similar phenotype and genotype, gave rise to typical cultured stromal cells, and formed bone and hematopoietic stroma in vivo. Interestingly, CD146 was up-regulated in normoxia and down-regulated in hypoxia. This was correlated with in situ localization differences, with CD146 coexpressing reticular cells located in perivascular regions, whereas bone-lining MSCs expressed CD271 alone. In both regions, CD34⁺ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells were located in close proximity to MSCs. These novel findings show that the expression of CD146 differentiates between perivascular versus endosteal localization of non-hematopoietic BM-MSC populations, which may be useful for the study of the hematopoietic environment.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBlood
Vol/bind117
Udgave nummer19
Sider (fra-til)5067-77
Antal sider11
ISSN0006-4971
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2011

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