Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training

a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men

Therese Hornstrup*, F. T. Løwenstein, M. A. Larsen, E. W. Helge, S. Póvoas, J. W. Helge, J. J. Nielsen, B. Fristrup, J. L. Andersen, L. Gliemann, L. Nybo, P. Krustrup

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Resumé

Purpose: The prevalence of lifestyle diseases has escalated, and effective exercise training programmes are warranted. This study tested the hypothesis that regular participation in small-sided team handball training could provide beneficial health effects on cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular parameters in young adult untrained men. Method: Twenty-six untrained 20–30-year-old men were randomly allocated to either a team handball training group (HG; n = 14), which completed 1.9 ± 0.3 training sessions per week over 12 weeks, or an inactive control group (CG; n = 12). Physiological training adaptations were assessed pre- and post interventions by DXA scans, blood samples, muscle biopsies, and physical tests. Results: The average heart rate during training was equivalent to 84 ± 4% of maximal heart rate. Compared to CG, HG displayed significant increases in VO2max (11 ± 6%), proximal femur bone mineral density (2 ± 1%), whole-body bone mineral content (2 ± 1%), intermittent endurance performance (32 ± 16%), incremental treadmill test performance (16 ± 7%) and muscle citrate synthase activity (22 ± 28%) as well as decreases in total fat mass (7 ± 7%) and total fat percentage (6 ± 7%) (all p < 0.05). There were no significant changes in muscle mass, blood pressure, resting heart rate, muscle hydroxyl-acyl-dehydrogenase activity, or blood lipids (all p > 0.05). Conclusion: Participation in regular recreational team handball training was associated with positive cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular adaptations, including increased maximal oxygen uptake, increased muscle enzymatic activity, and improved bone mineralization as well as lower fat percentage. These findings suggest that recreational team handball training may be an effective health-promoting activity for young adult men.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Vol/bind119
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)561-573
ISSN1439-6319
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 6. feb. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Young Adult
Randomized Controlled Trials
Fats
Muscles
Bone Density
Citrate (si)-Synthase
Photon Absorptiometry
Health
Exercise Test
Exercise
Oxygen
Education
Control Groups

Citer dette

Hornstrup, Therese ; Løwenstein, F. T. ; Larsen, M. A. ; Helge, E. W. ; Póvoas, S. ; Helge, J. W. ; Nielsen, J. J. ; Fristrup, B. ; Andersen, J. L. ; Gliemann, L. ; Nybo, L. ; Krustrup, P. / Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training : a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men. I: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2019 ; Bind 119, Nr. 2. s. 561-573.
@article{9c563ec8680043b58fb745097d27491b,
title = "Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training: a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men",
abstract = "Purpose: The prevalence of lifestyle diseases has escalated, and effective exercise training programmes are warranted. This study tested the hypothesis that regular participation in small-sided team handball training could provide beneficial health effects on cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular parameters in young adult untrained men. Method: Twenty-six untrained 20–30-year-old men were randomly allocated to either a team handball training group (HG; n = 14), which completed 1.9 ± 0.3 training sessions per week over 12 weeks, or an inactive control group (CG; n = 12). Physiological training adaptations were assessed pre- and post interventions by DXA scans, blood samples, muscle biopsies, and physical tests. Results: The average heart rate during training was equivalent to 84 ± 4{\%} of maximal heart rate. Compared to CG, HG displayed significant increases in VO2max (11 ± 6{\%}), proximal femur bone mineral density (2 ± 1{\%}), whole-body bone mineral content (2 ± 1{\%}), intermittent endurance performance (32 ± 16{\%}), incremental treadmill test performance (16 ± 7{\%}) and muscle citrate synthase activity (22 ± 28{\%}) as well as decreases in total fat mass (7 ± 7{\%}) and total fat percentage (6 ± 7{\%}) (all p < 0.05). There were no significant changes in muscle mass, blood pressure, resting heart rate, muscle hydroxyl-acyl-dehydrogenase activity, or blood lipids (all p > 0.05). Conclusion: Participation in regular recreational team handball training was associated with positive cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular adaptations, including increased maximal oxygen uptake, increased muscle enzymatic activity, and improved bone mineralization as well as lower fat percentage. These findings suggest that recreational team handball training may be an effective health-promoting activity for young adult men.",
keywords = "Ball games, Bone markers, Bone mineralization, Exercise training, Fat percentage, Maximal oxygen uptake, Muscle enzyme activity",
author = "Therese Hornstrup and L{\o}wenstein, {F. T.} and Larsen, {M. A.} and Helge, {E. W.} and S. P{\'o}voas and Helge, {J. W.} and Nielsen, {J. J.} and B. Fristrup and Andersen, {J. L.} and L. Gliemann and L. Nybo and P. Krustrup",
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doi = "10.1007/s00421-018-4034-5",
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Hornstrup, T, Løwenstein, FT, Larsen, MA, Helge, EW, Póvoas, S, Helge, JW, Nielsen, JJ, Fristrup, B, Andersen, JL, Gliemann, L, Nybo, L & Krustrup, P 2019, 'Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training: a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men', European Journal of Applied Physiology, bind 119, nr. 2, s. 561-573. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-018-4034-5

Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training : a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men. / Hornstrup, Therese; Løwenstein, F. T.; Larsen, M. A.; Helge, E. W.; Póvoas, S.; Helge, J. W.; Nielsen, J. J.; Fristrup, B.; Andersen, J. L.; Gliemann, L.; Nybo, L.; Krustrup, P.

I: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Bind 119, Nr. 2, 06.02.2019, s. 561-573.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular, muscular, and skeletal adaptations to recreational team handball training

T2 - a randomized controlled trial with young adult untrained men

AU - Hornstrup, Therese

AU - Løwenstein, F. T.

AU - Larsen, M. A.

AU - Helge, E. W.

AU - Póvoas, S.

AU - Helge, J. W.

AU - Nielsen, J. J.

AU - Fristrup, B.

AU - Andersen, J. L.

AU - Gliemann, L.

AU - Nybo, L.

AU - Krustrup, P.

PY - 2019/2/6

Y1 - 2019/2/6

N2 - Purpose: The prevalence of lifestyle diseases has escalated, and effective exercise training programmes are warranted. This study tested the hypothesis that regular participation in small-sided team handball training could provide beneficial health effects on cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular parameters in young adult untrained men. Method: Twenty-six untrained 20–30-year-old men were randomly allocated to either a team handball training group (HG; n = 14), which completed 1.9 ± 0.3 training sessions per week over 12 weeks, or an inactive control group (CG; n = 12). Physiological training adaptations were assessed pre- and post interventions by DXA scans, blood samples, muscle biopsies, and physical tests. Results: The average heart rate during training was equivalent to 84 ± 4% of maximal heart rate. Compared to CG, HG displayed significant increases in VO2max (11 ± 6%), proximal femur bone mineral density (2 ± 1%), whole-body bone mineral content (2 ± 1%), intermittent endurance performance (32 ± 16%), incremental treadmill test performance (16 ± 7%) and muscle citrate synthase activity (22 ± 28%) as well as decreases in total fat mass (7 ± 7%) and total fat percentage (6 ± 7%) (all p < 0.05). There were no significant changes in muscle mass, blood pressure, resting heart rate, muscle hydroxyl-acyl-dehydrogenase activity, or blood lipids (all p > 0.05). Conclusion: Participation in regular recreational team handball training was associated with positive cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular adaptations, including increased maximal oxygen uptake, increased muscle enzymatic activity, and improved bone mineralization as well as lower fat percentage. These findings suggest that recreational team handball training may be an effective health-promoting activity for young adult men.

AB - Purpose: The prevalence of lifestyle diseases has escalated, and effective exercise training programmes are warranted. This study tested the hypothesis that regular participation in small-sided team handball training could provide beneficial health effects on cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular parameters in young adult untrained men. Method: Twenty-six untrained 20–30-year-old men were randomly allocated to either a team handball training group (HG; n = 14), which completed 1.9 ± 0.3 training sessions per week over 12 weeks, or an inactive control group (CG; n = 12). Physiological training adaptations were assessed pre- and post interventions by DXA scans, blood samples, muscle biopsies, and physical tests. Results: The average heart rate during training was equivalent to 84 ± 4% of maximal heart rate. Compared to CG, HG displayed significant increases in VO2max (11 ± 6%), proximal femur bone mineral density (2 ± 1%), whole-body bone mineral content (2 ± 1%), intermittent endurance performance (32 ± 16%), incremental treadmill test performance (16 ± 7%) and muscle citrate synthase activity (22 ± 28%) as well as decreases in total fat mass (7 ± 7%) and total fat percentage (6 ± 7%) (all p < 0.05). There were no significant changes in muscle mass, blood pressure, resting heart rate, muscle hydroxyl-acyl-dehydrogenase activity, or blood lipids (all p > 0.05). Conclusion: Participation in regular recreational team handball training was associated with positive cardiovascular, skeletal, and muscular adaptations, including increased maximal oxygen uptake, increased muscle enzymatic activity, and improved bone mineralization as well as lower fat percentage. These findings suggest that recreational team handball training may be an effective health-promoting activity for young adult men.

KW - Ball games

KW - Bone markers

KW - Bone mineralization

KW - Exercise training

KW - Fat percentage

KW - Maximal oxygen uptake

KW - Muscle enzyme activity

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-018-4034-5

DO - 10.1007/s00421-018-4034-5

M3 - Journal article

VL - 119

SP - 561

EP - 573

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 2

ER -