PURPOSE: Although the pathophysiological response of cardiac tissue to pro-hypertrophic stimulus is well characterized, a comprehensive characterization of the molecular events underlying the pathological hypertrophy in cardiomyocytes during the early compensated cardiac hypertrophy is currently lacking.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A quantitative label-free proteomic analysis of cardiomyocytes isolated was conducted from mice treated subcutaneously with isoproterenol (ISO) during 7 days in comparison with cardiomyocytes from control animals (CT).
RESULTS: Canonical pathway analysis of dysregulated proteins indicated that ISO-hypertrophy drives the activation of actin cytoskeleton and integrin-linked kinase (ILK) signaling, and inhibition of the sirtuin signaling. Alteration in cardiac contractile function and calcium signaling are predicted as downstream effects of ISO-hypertrophy probably due to the upregulation of key elements such as myosin-7 (MYH7). Confocal microscopy corroborated that indeed ISO-treatment led to increased abundance of MYH7. Potential early markers for cardiac hypertrophy as APBB1, GOLGA4, HOOK1, KATNA1, KIFBP, MAN2B2, and SLC16A1 are also reported.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The data consist in a complete molecular mapping of ISO-induced compensated cardiac hypertrophy model at cardiomyocyte level. Marker candidates reported may assist early diagnosis of cardiac hypertrophy and ultimately heart failure.