Can advanced edge enhancement software improve image quality to visualise tubes, catheters and wires in digital chest radiographs?

S. V. Kristensen*, C. Outzen, L. M. Grau, T. R. Larsen, M. Bidstrup, M. V. Egeskjold, J. A. Knude, D. Juhl, H. Precht

*Kontaktforfatter

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Abstract

Introduction: This study aimed to test whether Advanced Edge Enhancement (AEE) software could improve the localisation of tubes, catheters or wires, while also affecting the overall image quality in chest x-rays (CXR). Methods: In total, 50 retrospective CXRs were included. All images were obtained utilising the Canon X-ray system (CANON/Arcoma Precision T3 DR System, Canon Europe, Amsterdam, NL) with a CXDI-810C wireless detector. A clinical image, plus three additional AEE algorithms were applied using post processing (two intensity variations 1 and 4) on all CXRs totalling 350 different images. Three radiologists evaluated the images using a subjective Absolute Visual Grading Analysis (VGA). The clinical images used in post processing were not applied as reference in the analysis. Each radiologist graded the images separately in a randomized order, with a score of three indicating suitability for diagnostic assessment. Results: The three AEE algorithms contributed to an overall improvement (average 16–49%) in visualisation of tube, catheter or wire on CXR images. The Mann–Whitney U tests showed a statistically significant (p < 0.05) improvement in contrast resolution and sharpness, indicating an increased ability to differentiate tubes, wires or catheters tips from surrounding tissues. For the noise criterion, not applying any AEE algorithm showed a significantly higher homogeneity in soft tissue (p < 0.001), reducing the ability to visualise soft tissue. The high-intensity catheter algorithm was the only algorithm to achieve a statistically significant (p = 0.017) increase in the ability to differentiate pulmonary tissues of similar density. Conclusion: An overall improvement in the visualisation of tube, catheter and wire placement was obtained using the three AEE-algorithms. The bone and catheter algorithms showed the highest consistency, with the small structure algorithm underperforming in resolution and low contrast resolution. In general, image noise increased regardless of algorithm type or applied intensity. The AEE-algorithms should therefore be seen as a supplementary tool to the clinical image protocol, while having the potential to improve image quality to specific clinical situations. Implications for practice: AEE filtered images appear to be a supplement to the current practice of using CXRs in the diagnosis in placement of catheters, tubes and wires in the chest region. The use of AEE-algorithms has the potential to improve the daily work in clinical practice, which serves the basis for further investigation of its effect on radiographic practices.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRadiography
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)165-170
ISSN1078-8174
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank radiologist Barbara Bielaska, Hubert Dulacz and Judith Na Rae Andreasen for their work on data analyses of the visual grading experiments. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

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