Built environment interventions to stimulate leisure-time physical activity

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Abstrakt

Introduction
This mixed-method study aimed to examine whether a built environment intervention in eight Danish municipalities (the EGO project) led to increased physical activity and on the basis of the findings to identify factors affecting use of the implemented facilities. The knowledge gained will help understand how to optimize development of physical interventions to promote physical activity.
Methods
Data were collected through multiple methods, including a questionnaire survey, where a representative sample of residents (≥ 16 years) living in the eight areas of intervention received a questionnaire both before and after the intervention and a one-day observation at each place of intervention also both before and after the intervention, where people in the area of the interventions were interviewed
Results
The respondents (≥ 16 years) were satisfied with the interventions (70 %) and they found the opportunities to meet, play and be physical active were better after the implementation of the intervention (+ 10 %). Despite the satisfaction only 21 % stated that they used the implemented facilities (18 % 1-3 times per month, 3 % 1-7 times per week) and the respondents´ physical active patterns were unchanged. The qualitative part of the study identified two types of user groups. Some planed their visit and some used the facilities spontaneously when passing. In addition, the qualitative study found that the interventions were used especially by children which mean that the actual amount of users supposedly was higher. Furthermore factors as availability, maintenance and simple decoding of facilities were found to affect use of the implemented facilities.
Discussion
Physical activity level is not determined by constrained choices but is basically based on desire and motivation to become physical active. Accessible location, simplicity, and maintenance seemed to be important factors to encourage the use of the interventions, especially among the spontaneous users and hereby promote physical activity by built environment interventions. For more in-depth knowledge studies that identify facilitators and barriers related to choices of everyday life is important.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2013
StatusUdgivet - 2013
Begivenhed4th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health - Sydney, Sydney, Australien
Varighed: 31. okt. 20123. nov. 2012
Konferencens nummer: 4.

Konference

Konference4th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health
Nummer4.
LokationSydney
LandAustralien
BySydney
Periode31/10/201203/11/2012

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