Brain Endurance Training improves endurance and cognitive performance in road cyclists

Walter Staiano*, Samuele Marcora, Marco Romagnoli, Ulrich Kirk, Christopher Ring

*Kontaktforfatter

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effects of brain endurance training (BET) on endurance and cognitive performance in road cyclists. Design: Two independent randomized controlled pretest–posttest training studies. Methods: In both studies cyclists trained five times/week for six weeks and completed either cognitive response inhibition tasks (Post-BET group) or listened to neutral sounds (control group) after each training session. In Study-1, 26 cyclists performed a time to exhaustion (TTE) test at 80 % peak power output (PPO), followed by a 30-min Stroop task, and a TTE test at 65 % PPO. In Study-2, 24 cyclists performed a 5-min time trial, followed by a 30-min Stroop task, 60-min submaximal incremental test, and a 20-min . Heart rate, lactate, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), Stroop reaction time and accuracy were also measured. Results: During Study 1, Post-BET improved TTE at 80 % (p = 0.032) and 65 % PPO (p = 0.011) significantly more than control with lower RPE (all p < 0.043). In Study 2, 5-min TT performance did not differ between groups. During the 60-min submaximal incremental test, RPE was lower in the Post-BET group compared to the control group (p = 0.034) and 20-min TT performance improved significantly more in the Post-BET group than in the control group (all p < 0.031). No group differences were found in physiological measures. In both studies, Stroop reaction times improved significantly more in the Post-BET group than in the control group (all p < 0.033). Conclusions: These findings suggest that Post-BET may be used to improve the performance of road cyclists.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of science and medicine in sport
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)375-385
ISSN1440-2440
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023

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Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

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