Binding characterization of N-(2-chloro-5-thiomethylphenyl)-N'-(3-[3 H]3 methoxy phenyl)-N'-methylguanidine ([3 H]GMOM), a non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist

A Metaxas*, Berckel BNM van, PJ Klein, J Verbeek, EC Nash, EJM Kooijman, VA Renjaän, SSV Golla, R Boellaard, JAM Christiaans, AD Windhorst, JE Leysen

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Abstrakt

Labeled with carbon-11, N-(2-chloro-5-thiomethylphenyl)-N′-(3-methoxyphenyl)-N′-methylguanidine ([ 11 C]GMOM) is currently the only positron emission tomography (PET) tracer that has shown selectivity for the ion-channel site of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in human imaging studies. The present study reports on the selectivity profile and in vitro binding properties of GMOM. The compound was screened on a panel of 80 targets, and labeled with tritium ([ 3 H]GMOM). The binding properties of [ 3 H]GMOM were compared to those of the reference ion-channel ligand [ 3 H](+)-dizocilpine maleate ([ 3 H]MK-801), in a set of concentration-response, homologous and heterologous inhibition, and association kinetics assays, performed with repeatedly washed rat forebrain preparations. GMOM was at least 70-fold more selective for NMDA receptors compared to all other targets examined. In homologous inhibition and concentration-response assays, the binding of [ 3 H]GMOM was regulated by NMDA receptor agonists, albeit in a less prominent manner compared to [ 3 H]MK-801. Scatchard transformation of homologous inhibition data produced concave upward curves for [ 3 H]GMOM and [ 3 H]MK-801. The radioligands showed bi-exponential association kinetics in the presence of 100 μmol L −1 l-glutamate/30 μmol L −1 glycine. [ 3 H]GMOM (3 nmol L −1 and 10 nmol L −1 ) was inhibited with dual affinity by (+)-MK-801, (R,S)-ketamine and memantine, in both presence and absence of agonists. [ 3 H]MK-801 (2 nmol L −1 ) was inhibited in a monophasic manner by GMOM under baseline and combined agonist conditions, with an IC 50 value of ~19 nmol L −1 . The non-linear Scatchard plots, biphasic inhibition by open channel blockers, and bi-exponential kinetics of [ 3 H]GMOM indicate a complex mechanism of interaction with the NMDA receptor ionophore. The implications for quantifying the PET signal of [ 11 C]GMOM are discussed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere00458
TidsskriftPharmacology Research & Perspectives
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider15
ISSN2052-1707
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019

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