Between Legibility and Contact: The Role of Gaze in Robot Approach

Kerstin Fischer, Lars Christian Jensen, Stefan-Daniel Suvei, Leon Bodenhagen

Publikation: Kapitel i bog/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

In this paper, we explore experimentally the possible tradeoff between gaze to the user and gaze to the path in robot approach. While some previous work indicates that gaze towards the user increases perceived safety because the user feels recognized, other work indicates that it is legibility of the robot's actions that put users at ease. If the robot does not drive up to the person in a straight line directly, the robot can either continuously look at the person and thus maintain eye contact, or indicate its path through its gaze behavior, increasing legibility. In an experiment with N=36 participants, we tested the tradeoff between legibility and eye contact. The behavioral results show that users are significantly more at ease with the robot that gazes at them than with the robot that looks where it is going, measured by the number of instances of glances away from the robot. Likewise, the participants rate the robot that looks at them continuously as more intelligent and more cooperative. Thus, participants value mutual gaze higher than legibility.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of the 25th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdato15. nov. 2016
Sider646-651
Artikelnummer7745186
ISBN (Trykt)978-1-5090-3930-2
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-5090-3929-6
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15. nov. 2016
Begivenhed25th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication - Columbia University, New York City, USA
Varighed: 26. aug. 201631. aug. 2016
Konferencens nummer: 25

Konference

Konference25th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication
Nummer25
LokationColumbia University
Land/OmrådeUSA
ByNew York City
Periode26/08/201631/08/2016
NavnIEEE RO-MAN proceedings
ISSN1944-9445

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