Aims To determine whether beta-blockers, aspirin, and statins are underutilized after first-time myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared with patients without COPD. Further, to determine temporal trends and risk factors for non-use. Methods Using Danish nationwide registers, we performed a cross-sectional study investigating the utilization of beta-blockers, and results aspirin, and statins after hospitalization for first-time MI among patients with and without COPD from 1995 to 2015. Risk factors for non-use were examined in multivariable logistic regression models. During 21 years of study, 140 278 patients were included, hereof 13 496 (9.6%) with COPD. Patients with COPD were less likely to use beta-blockers (53.2% vs. 76.2%, P < 0.001), aspirin (73.9% vs. 78.8%, P < 0.001), and statins (53.5% vs. 61.9%, P < 0.001). Medication usage increased during the study period but in multivariable analyses, COPD remained a significant predictor for non-use: odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for non-use of beta-blockers 1.86 (1.76–1.97); aspirin 1.24 (1.16–1.32); statins 1.50 (1.41–1.59). Analyses stratified by ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non-STEMI showed similar undertreatment of COPD patients. Risk factors for non-use of beta-blockers in COPD included increasing age, female sex, and increasing severity of COPD (frequent exacerbations, use of multiple inhaled medications, and low lung function). Similar findings were demonstrated for aspirin and statins. Conclusion Beta-blockers, and to a lesser extent aspirin and statins, were systematically underutilized by patients with COPD following hospitalization for MI despite an overall increase in the utilization over time. Increasing severity of COPD was a risk factor for non-use of the medications.
|Tidsskrift||European heart journal. Quality of care & clinical outcomes|
|Status||Udgivet - 4. jan. 2020|