Bedside microdialysis for detection of early brain injury after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Simon Mölström, Troels Halfeld Nielsen, Carl H Nordström, Axel Forsse, Sören Möller, Sören Venö, Dmitry Mamaev, Tomas Tencer, Henrik Schmidt, Palle Toft

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Bedside detection and early treatment of lasting cerebral ischemia may improve outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). This feasibility study explores the possibilities to use microdialysis (MD) for continuous monitoring of cerebral energy metabolism by analyzing the draining cerebral venous blood. Eighteen comatose patients were continuously monitored with jugular bulb and radial artery (reference) MD following resuscitation. Median time from cardiac arrest to MD was 300 min (IQR 230-390) with median monitoring time 60 h (IQR 40-81). The lactate/pyruvate ratio in cerebral venous blood was increased during the first 20 h after OHCA, and significant differences in time-averaged mean MD metabolites between jugular venous and artery measurements, were documented (p < 0.02). In patients with unfavorable outcome (72%), cerebral venous lactate and pyruvate levels remained elevated during the study period. In conclusion, the study indicates that jugular bulb microdialysis (JBM) is feasible and safe. Biochemical signs of lasting ischemia and mitochondrial dysfunction are frequent and associated with unfavorable outcome. The technique may be used in comatose OHCA patients to monitor biochemical variables reflecting ongoing brain damage and support individualized treatment early after resuscitation.

TidsskriftScientific Reports
StatusUdgivet - 5. aug. 2021

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© 2021. The Author(s).


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