Autotrophic and heterotrophic activity in Arctic first-year sea-ice: Seasonal study from Marlene Bight, SW Greenland.

Dorte Haubjerg Søgaard, Morten Kristensen, Søren Rysgaard, Ronnie N. Glud, Per Juel Hansen, Karen Marie Hilligsoe

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We present a study of autotrophic and heterotrophic activities of Arctic sea ice (Malene Bight, SW Greenland) as measured by 2 different approaches: (1) standard incubation techniques ((HCO3-)-C-14 and [H-3] thymidine incubation) on sea ice cores brought to the laboratory and (2) cores incubated in situ in plastic bags with subsequent melting and measurements of changes in total O-2 concentrations. The standard incubations showed that the annual succession followed a distinctive pattern, with a low, almost balancing heterotrophic and autotrophic activity during February and March. This period was followed by an algal bloom in late March and April, leading to a net autotrophic community. During February and March, the oxygen level in the bag incubations remained constant, validating the low balanced heterotrophic and autotrophic activity. As the autotrophic activity exceeded the heterotrophic activity in late March and April, it resulted in a significant net oxygen accumulation in the bag incubations. Integrated over the entire season, the sea ice of Malene Bight was net autotrophic with an annual net carbon fixation of 220 mg C m(-2), reflecting the net result of a sea ice-related gross primary production of 350 mg C m(-2) and concurrent bacterial carbon demand of 130 mg C m (2). Converting the O-2 net exchange of the bag incubations into carbon turnover estimated an annual net carbon fixation of 1700 +/- 760 mg C m(-2) (mean +/- SD), which was higher than the annual net carbon fixation quantified in the standard incubations.
TidsskriftMarine Ecology - Progress Series
Sider (fra-til)31-45
StatusUdgivet - 1. dec. 2010