Associations of Adiposity and Aerobic Fitness with Executive Function and Math Performance in Danish Adolescents

Tao Huang, Jakob Tarp, Sidsel Louise Domazet, Anne Kær Thorsen, Karsten Froberg, Lars Bo Andersen, Anna Bugge

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of adiposity and aerobic fitness with executive function and math performance in Danish adolescents.

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted with data on 525 adolescents attending sixth and seventh grades from 14 schools in the 5 main regions of Denmark. A modified Eriksen flanker task was used to assess inhibitory control, a key aspect of executive function. Academic performance was assessed by a customized math test. Aerobic fitness was assessed by an intermittent shuttle-run test (Andersen test).

RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials during the flanker task (P = .005). A higher BMI was associated with a larger accuracy interference score (P = .01). Similarly, waist circumference (WC) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials (P = .008). A higher WC was associated with a larger reaction time (RT) interference score (P = .02) and accuracy interference score (P = .009). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a faster RT on congruent trials (P = .009) and incongruent trials (P = .003). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a smaller RT interference score (P = .04). Aerobic fitness was positively associated with math score (P < .001). BMI and WC were not associated with math score (P > .05).

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aerobic fitness is positively associated with both inhibitory control and math performance in adolescents. Adiposity is negatively associated with inhibitory control in adolescents. Adiposity is not associated with math performance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Pediatrics
Vol/bind167
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)810–815
ISSN0022-3476
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2015

Fingeraftryk

Executive Function
Adiposity
Body Mass Index
Denmark
Cross-Sectional Studies

Citer dette

Huang, Tao ; Tarp, Jakob ; Domazet, Sidsel Louise ; Thorsen, Anne Kær ; Froberg, Karsten ; Andersen, Lars Bo ; Bugge, Anna. / Associations of Adiposity and Aerobic Fitness with Executive Function and Math Performance in Danish Adolescents. I: Journal of Pediatrics. 2015 ; Bind 167, Nr. 4. s. 810–815.
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title = "Associations of Adiposity and Aerobic Fitness with Executive Function and Math Performance in Danish Adolescents",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of adiposity and aerobic fitness with executive function and math performance in Danish adolescents.STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted with data on 525 adolescents attending sixth and seventh grades from 14 schools in the 5 main regions of Denmark. A modified Eriksen flanker task was used to assess inhibitory control, a key aspect of executive function. Academic performance was assessed by a customized math test. Aerobic fitness was assessed by an intermittent shuttle-run test (Andersen test).RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials during the flanker task (P = .005). A higher BMI was associated with a larger accuracy interference score (P = .01). Similarly, waist circumference (WC) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials (P = .008). A higher WC was associated with a larger reaction time (RT) interference score (P = .02) and accuracy interference score (P = .009). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a faster RT on congruent trials (P = .009) and incongruent trials (P = .003). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a smaller RT interference score (P = .04). Aerobic fitness was positively associated with math score (P < .001). BMI and WC were not associated with math score (P > .05).CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aerobic fitness is positively associated with both inhibitory control and math performance in adolescents. Adiposity is negatively associated with inhibitory control in adolescents. Adiposity is not associated with math performance.",
author = "Tao Huang and Jakob Tarp and Domazet, {Sidsel Louise} and Thorsen, {Anne K{\ae}r} and Karsten Froberg and Andersen, {Lars Bo} and Anna Bugge",
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language = "English",
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Associations of Adiposity and Aerobic Fitness with Executive Function and Math Performance in Danish Adolescents. / Huang, Tao; Tarp, Jakob; Domazet, Sidsel Louise; Thorsen, Anne Kær; Froberg, Karsten; Andersen, Lars Bo; Bugge, Anna.

I: Journal of Pediatrics, Bind 167, Nr. 4, 10.2015, s. 810–815.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of Adiposity and Aerobic Fitness with Executive Function and Math Performance in Danish Adolescents

AU - Huang, Tao

AU - Tarp, Jakob

AU - Domazet, Sidsel Louise

AU - Thorsen, Anne Kær

AU - Froberg, Karsten

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

AU - Bugge, Anna

N1 - Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/10

Y1 - 2015/10

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of adiposity and aerobic fitness with executive function and math performance in Danish adolescents.STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted with data on 525 adolescents attending sixth and seventh grades from 14 schools in the 5 main regions of Denmark. A modified Eriksen flanker task was used to assess inhibitory control, a key aspect of executive function. Academic performance was assessed by a customized math test. Aerobic fitness was assessed by an intermittent shuttle-run test (Andersen test).RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials during the flanker task (P = .005). A higher BMI was associated with a larger accuracy interference score (P = .01). Similarly, waist circumference (WC) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials (P = .008). A higher WC was associated with a larger reaction time (RT) interference score (P = .02) and accuracy interference score (P = .009). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a faster RT on congruent trials (P = .009) and incongruent trials (P = .003). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a smaller RT interference score (P = .04). Aerobic fitness was positively associated with math score (P < .001). BMI and WC were not associated with math score (P > .05).CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aerobic fitness is positively associated with both inhibitory control and math performance in adolescents. Adiposity is negatively associated with inhibitory control in adolescents. Adiposity is not associated with math performance.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of adiposity and aerobic fitness with executive function and math performance in Danish adolescents.STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted with data on 525 adolescents attending sixth and seventh grades from 14 schools in the 5 main regions of Denmark. A modified Eriksen flanker task was used to assess inhibitory control, a key aspect of executive function. Academic performance was assessed by a customized math test. Aerobic fitness was assessed by an intermittent shuttle-run test (Andersen test).RESULTS: Body mass index (BMI) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials during the flanker task (P = .005). A higher BMI was associated with a larger accuracy interference score (P = .01). Similarly, waist circumference (WC) was negatively associated with accuracy on incongruent trials (P = .008). A higher WC was associated with a larger reaction time (RT) interference score (P = .02) and accuracy interference score (P = .009). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a faster RT on congruent trials (P = .009) and incongruent trials (P = .003). Higher aerobic fitness was associated with a smaller RT interference score (P = .04). Aerobic fitness was positively associated with math score (P < .001). BMI and WC were not associated with math score (P > .05).CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that aerobic fitness is positively associated with both inhibitory control and math performance in adolescents. Adiposity is negatively associated with inhibitory control in adolescents. Adiposity is not associated with math performance.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.07.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.07.009

M3 - Journal article

VL - 167

SP - 810

EP - 815

JO - Journal of Pediatrics

JF - Journal of Pediatrics

SN - 0022-3476

IS - 4

ER -