Associations between adult height and type 2 diabetes mellitus

A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Sarita Shrestha, Sara H. Rasmussen, Anton Pottegård, Lars H. Ängquist, Tine Jess, Kristine H. Allin, Lise G. Bjerregaard, Jennifer L. Baker*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background: Although short adult height is generally associated with increased risks of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there are large inconsistencies across studies. The aims of this study were to describe and quantify currently available evidence on the association between adult height and T2DM, to examine whether the reported associations differ by sex, and to examine the shapes of the height and T2DM associations. Methods: Relevant literature was identified using PubMed (1966-May 2018), EMBASE (1947-May 2018) and Google Scholar (May 2018). We identified cross-sectional and cohort studies with original publications on human subjects, which were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Results: From 15 971 identified sources, 25 studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review (N=401 562 individuals). From these 25 studies, 16 (9 cross-sectional studies and 7 cohort studies) were included in the meta-analysis (n=261 496 individuals). The overall random-effects meta-analysis indicated an inverse association between adult height and T2DM (effect estimate=0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.95). No sex differences in the associations between adult height and T2DM were found (effect estimate for men: 0.86, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.99; effect estimate for women: 0.90; 95% CI 0.80 to 1.01; p value for sex interaction=0.80). Due to lack of data, results on the shape of the association between height and T2DM were inconclusive. Conclusions: Shorter height is associated with an increased risk of T2DM and the association does not significantly differ by sex. The currently available data are insufficient to support conclusions regarding the shape of the association between height and T2DM. Trial registration number: CRD42017062446.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Vol/bind73
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)681-688
ISSN0143-005X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Meta-Analysis
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
PubMed
Sex Characteristics
Publications

Citer dette

Shrestha, Sarita ; Rasmussen, Sara H. ; Pottegård, Anton ; Ängquist, Lars H. ; Jess, Tine ; Allin, Kristine H. ; Bjerregaard, Lise G. ; Baker, Jennifer L. / Associations between adult height and type 2 diabetes mellitus : A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. I: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2019 ; Bind 73, Nr. 7. s. 681-688.
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title = "Associations between adult height and type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies",
abstract = "Background: Although short adult height is generally associated with increased risks of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there are large inconsistencies across studies. The aims of this study were to describe and quantify currently available evidence on the association between adult height and T2DM, to examine whether the reported associations differ by sex, and to examine the shapes of the height and T2DM associations. Methods: Relevant literature was identified using PubMed (1966-May 2018), EMBASE (1947-May 2018) and Google Scholar (May 2018). We identified cross-sectional and cohort studies with original publications on human subjects, which were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Results: From 15 971 identified sources, 25 studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review (N=401 562 individuals). From these 25 studies, 16 (9 cross-sectional studies and 7 cohort studies) were included in the meta-analysis (n=261 496 individuals). The overall random-effects meta-analysis indicated an inverse association between adult height and T2DM (effect estimate=0.88, 95{\%} CI 0.81 to 0.95). No sex differences in the associations between adult height and T2DM were found (effect estimate for men: 0.86, 95{\%} CI 0.75 to 0.99; effect estimate for women: 0.90; 95{\%} CI 0.80 to 1.01; p value for sex interaction=0.80). Due to lack of data, results on the shape of the association between height and T2DM were inconclusive. Conclusions: Shorter height is associated with an increased risk of T2DM and the association does not significantly differ by sex. The currently available data are insufficient to support conclusions regarding the shape of the association between height and T2DM. Trial registration number: CRD42017062446.",
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year = "2019",
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Associations between adult height and type 2 diabetes mellitus : A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. / Shrestha, Sarita; Rasmussen, Sara H.; Pottegård, Anton; Ängquist, Lars H.; Jess, Tine; Allin, Kristine H.; Bjerregaard, Lise G.; Baker, Jennifer L.

I: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Bind 73, Nr. 7, 07.2019, s. 681-688.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between adult height and type 2 diabetes mellitus

T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

AU - Shrestha, Sarita

AU - Rasmussen, Sara H.

AU - Pottegård, Anton

AU - Ängquist, Lars H.

AU - Jess, Tine

AU - Allin, Kristine H.

AU - Bjerregaard, Lise G.

AU - Baker, Jennifer L.

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

N2 - Background: Although short adult height is generally associated with increased risks of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there are large inconsistencies across studies. The aims of this study were to describe and quantify currently available evidence on the association between adult height and T2DM, to examine whether the reported associations differ by sex, and to examine the shapes of the height and T2DM associations. Methods: Relevant literature was identified using PubMed (1966-May 2018), EMBASE (1947-May 2018) and Google Scholar (May 2018). We identified cross-sectional and cohort studies with original publications on human subjects, which were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Results: From 15 971 identified sources, 25 studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review (N=401 562 individuals). From these 25 studies, 16 (9 cross-sectional studies and 7 cohort studies) were included in the meta-analysis (n=261 496 individuals). The overall random-effects meta-analysis indicated an inverse association between adult height and T2DM (effect estimate=0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.95). No sex differences in the associations between adult height and T2DM were found (effect estimate for men: 0.86, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.99; effect estimate for women: 0.90; 95% CI 0.80 to 1.01; p value for sex interaction=0.80). Due to lack of data, results on the shape of the association between height and T2DM were inconclusive. Conclusions: Shorter height is associated with an increased risk of T2DM and the association does not significantly differ by sex. The currently available data are insufficient to support conclusions regarding the shape of the association between height and T2DM. Trial registration number: CRD42017062446.

AB - Background: Although short adult height is generally associated with increased risks of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there are large inconsistencies across studies. The aims of this study were to describe and quantify currently available evidence on the association between adult height and T2DM, to examine whether the reported associations differ by sex, and to examine the shapes of the height and T2DM associations. Methods: Relevant literature was identified using PubMed (1966-May 2018), EMBASE (1947-May 2018) and Google Scholar (May 2018). We identified cross-sectional and cohort studies with original publications on human subjects, which were included in a random-effects meta-analysis. Results: From 15 971 identified sources, 25 studies met the inclusion criteria for the systematic review (N=401 562 individuals). From these 25 studies, 16 (9 cross-sectional studies and 7 cohort studies) were included in the meta-analysis (n=261 496 individuals). The overall random-effects meta-analysis indicated an inverse association between adult height and T2DM (effect estimate=0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.95). No sex differences in the associations between adult height and T2DM were found (effect estimate for men: 0.86, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.99; effect estimate for women: 0.90; 95% CI 0.80 to 1.01; p value for sex interaction=0.80). Due to lack of data, results on the shape of the association between height and T2DM were inconclusive. Conclusions: Shorter height is associated with an increased risk of T2DM and the association does not significantly differ by sex. The currently available data are insufficient to support conclusions regarding the shape of the association between height and T2DM. Trial registration number: CRD42017062446.

KW - adult

KW - body height

KW - diabetes mellitus, type 2

KW - humans

KW - risk factors

UR - https://jech.bmj.com/content/73/7/681

U2 - 10.1136/jech-2018-211567

DO - 10.1136/jech-2018-211567

M3 - Review

VL - 73

SP - 681

EP - 688

JO - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 7

ER -