Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents

Jordan A. Carlson, Brian E. Saelens, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn, Terry L. Conway, Lawrence D. Frank, Jim E. Chapman, Karen Glanz, Kelli L. Cain, James F. Sallis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Objectives: To investigate relations of walking, bicycling and vehicle time to neighborhood walkability and total physical activity in youth.
Methods: Participants (N=690) were from 380 census block groups of high/low walkability and income in two US regions. Home neighborhood residential density, intersection density, retail density, entertainment density and walkability were derived using GIS. Minutes/day of walking, bicycling and vehicle time were derived from processing algorithms applied to GPS. Accelerometers estimated total daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Models were adjusted for nesting of days (N=2987) within participants within block groups.
Results: Walking occurred on 33%, active travel on 43%, and vehicle time on 91% of the days observed. Intersection density and neighborhood walkability were positively related to walking and bicycling and negatively related to vehicle time. Residential density was positively related to walking.
Conclusions: Increasing walking in youth could be effective in increasing total physical activity. Built environment findings suggest potential for increasing walking in youth through improving neighborhood walkability.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHealth & Place
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummerMarch
Sider (fra-til)1-7
Antal sider7
ISSN1353-8292
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2015

Emneord

  • Density
  • Land use
  • Mode share
  • Physical activity
  • Transportation

Citer dette

Carlson, Jordan A. ; Saelens, Brian E. ; Kerr, Jacqueline ; Schipperijn, Jasper ; Conway, Terry L. ; Frank, Lawrence D. ; Chapman, Jim E. ; Glanz, Karen ; Cain, Kelli L. ; Sallis, James F. / Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents. I: Health & Place. 2015 ; Bind 32, Nr. March. s. 1-7.
@article{9368ab94d2fe4516b5dbf2e5000d746f,
title = "Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents",
abstract = "Objectives: To investigate relations of walking, bicycling and vehicle time to neighborhood walkability and total physical activity in youth. Methods: Participants (N=690) were from 380 census block groups of high/low walkability and income in two US regions. Home neighborhood residential density, intersection density, retail density, entertainment density and walkability were derived using GIS. Minutes/day of walking, bicycling and vehicle time were derived from processing algorithms applied to GPS. Accelerometers estimated total daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Models were adjusted for nesting of days (N=2987) within participants within block groups. Results: Walking occurred on 33{\%}, active travel on 43{\%}, and vehicle time on 91{\%} of the days observed. Intersection density and neighborhood walkability were positively related to walking and bicycling and negatively related to vehicle time. Residential density was positively related to walking. Conclusions: Increasing walking in youth could be effective in increasing total physical activity. Built environment findings suggest potential for increasing walking in youth through improving neighborhood walkability.",
keywords = "Density, Land use, Mode share, Physical activity, Transportation",
author = "Carlson, {Jordan A.} and Saelens, {Brian E.} and Jacqueline Kerr and Jasper Schipperijn and Conway, {Terry L.} and Frank, {Lawrence D.} and Chapman, {Jim E.} and Karen Glanz and Cain, {Kelli L.} and Sallis, {James F.}",
note = "Available online 9 January 2015",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.12.008",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "1--7",
journal = "Health & Place",
issn = "1353-8292",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "March",

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Carlson, JA, Saelens, BE, Kerr, J, Schipperijn, J, Conway, TL, Frank, LD, Chapman, JE, Glanz, K, Cain, KL & Sallis, JF 2015, 'Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents', Health & Place, bind 32, nr. March, s. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.12.008

Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents. / Carlson, Jordan A.; Saelens, Brian E.; Kerr, Jacqueline; Schipperijn, Jasper; Conway, Terry L.; Frank, Lawrence D.; Chapman, Jim E.; Glanz, Karen; Cain, Kelli L.; Sallis, James F.

I: Health & Place, Bind 32, Nr. March, 03.2015, s. 1-7.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents

AU - Carlson, Jordan A.

AU - Saelens, Brian E.

AU - Kerr, Jacqueline

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Conway, Terry L.

AU - Frank, Lawrence D.

AU - Chapman, Jim E.

AU - Glanz, Karen

AU - Cain, Kelli L.

AU - Sallis, James F.

N1 - Available online 9 January 2015

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Objectives: To investigate relations of walking, bicycling and vehicle time to neighborhood walkability and total physical activity in youth. Methods: Participants (N=690) were from 380 census block groups of high/low walkability and income in two US regions. Home neighborhood residential density, intersection density, retail density, entertainment density and walkability were derived using GIS. Minutes/day of walking, bicycling and vehicle time were derived from processing algorithms applied to GPS. Accelerometers estimated total daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Models were adjusted for nesting of days (N=2987) within participants within block groups. Results: Walking occurred on 33%, active travel on 43%, and vehicle time on 91% of the days observed. Intersection density and neighborhood walkability were positively related to walking and bicycling and negatively related to vehicle time. Residential density was positively related to walking. Conclusions: Increasing walking in youth could be effective in increasing total physical activity. Built environment findings suggest potential for increasing walking in youth through improving neighborhood walkability.

AB - Objectives: To investigate relations of walking, bicycling and vehicle time to neighborhood walkability and total physical activity in youth. Methods: Participants (N=690) were from 380 census block groups of high/low walkability and income in two US regions. Home neighborhood residential density, intersection density, retail density, entertainment density and walkability were derived using GIS. Minutes/day of walking, bicycling and vehicle time were derived from processing algorithms applied to GPS. Accelerometers estimated total daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Models were adjusted for nesting of days (N=2987) within participants within block groups. Results: Walking occurred on 33%, active travel on 43%, and vehicle time on 91% of the days observed. Intersection density and neighborhood walkability were positively related to walking and bicycling and negatively related to vehicle time. Residential density was positively related to walking. Conclusions: Increasing walking in youth could be effective in increasing total physical activity. Built environment findings suggest potential for increasing walking in youth through improving neighborhood walkability.

KW - Density

KW - Land use

KW - Mode share

KW - Physical activity

KW - Transportation

U2 - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.12.008

DO - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.12.008

M3 - Journal article

VL - 32

SP - 1

EP - 7

JO - Health & Place

JF - Health & Place

SN - 1353-8292

IS - March

ER -