Assessing buildings' absolute environmental sustainability performance using LCA focusing on climate change impacts

Pernille Ohms, Camilla Ernst Andersen, Freja Nygaard Rasmussen, Morten Ryberg, Michael Hauschild, Morten Birkved, Harpa Birgisdottir

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Abstrakt

The building sector is of major concern when seeking to reduce the environmental impact of our society. A common tool often used in certification systems for quantification of environmental impacts is Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs). LCAs are traditionally used for relative comparisons, i.e. to assess whether one product or service performs better than another. Recently, a method for absolute evaluations based on the Planetary Boundaries, was coupled with LCA in order to define the boundary between environmental sustainability and unsustainability. In this study Planetary Boundaries-based Life Cycle Impact Assessment method has been applied to a case study of six single family stand-alone dwellings to assess whether these buildings can be considered absolute sustainable relative to the Planetary Boundaries. The results from the assessment indicate that irrespective of the design strategy used for the six houses and future increase in the use of renewables for electricity and heat production, it is unlikely that any of these houses can be regarded as sustainable in absolute terms. This underlines that more radical changes are needed in the way buildings are constructed and used in order for buildings to become environmentally sustainable.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer012058
TidsskriftIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Vol/bind352
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider8
ISSN1755-1307
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. jan. 2019
Begivenhed1st Nordic Conference on Zero Emission and Plus Energy Buildings, ZEB+ 2019 - Trondheim, Norge
Varighed: 6. nov. 20197. nov. 2019

Konference

Konference1st Nordic Conference on Zero Emission and Plus Energy Buildings, ZEB+ 2019
LandNorge
ByTrondheim
Periode06/11/201907/11/2019

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