ASD and PTSD in Rape Victims

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Jan-12
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Vol/bind25
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1470-1488
ISSN0886-2605
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2010

Fingeraftryk

varespladib methyl
Regression Analysis
Population

Citer dette

@article{28b970e009b011dfaefb000ea68e967b,
title = "ASD and PTSD in Rape Victims",
abstract = "In recent years, a number of studies have investigated the prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) through the presence of acute stress disorder (ASD). The predictive power of ASD on PTSD was examined in a population of 148 female rape victims who visited a center for rape victims shortly after the rape or attempted rape. The PTSD diagnosis based solely on the three core symptom clusters was best identified by a subclinical ASD diagnosis based on all ASD criteria except dissociation. However, a full PTSD diagnosis including the A2 and F criteria was best identified by classifying victims according to a full ASD diagnosis. Regardless of whether cases were classified according to full PTSD status or according to meeting the criteria for the three PTSD core symptom clusters, the classification was correct only in approximately two thirds of the cases. A regression analysis based on ASD severity and sexual problems following the rape accounted for only 28{\%} of the PTSD severity variance. In conclusion, the ASD diagnosis is not an optimal method for identifying those most at risk for PTSD. It remains to be seen whether a better way can be found.",
author = "Ask Elklit and Christiansen, {Dorte M}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1177/0886260509354587",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "1470--1488",
journal = "Journal of Interpersonal Violence",
issn = "0886-2605",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
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}

ASD and PTSD in Rape Victims. / Elklit, Ask; Christiansen, Dorte M.

I: Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Bind 25, Nr. 5, 2010, s. 1470-1488.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - ASD and PTSD in Rape Victims

AU - Elklit, Ask

AU - Christiansen, Dorte M

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - In recent years, a number of studies have investigated the prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) through the presence of acute stress disorder (ASD). The predictive power of ASD on PTSD was examined in a population of 148 female rape victims who visited a center for rape victims shortly after the rape or attempted rape. The PTSD diagnosis based solely on the three core symptom clusters was best identified by a subclinical ASD diagnosis based on all ASD criteria except dissociation. However, a full PTSD diagnosis including the A2 and F criteria was best identified by classifying victims according to a full ASD diagnosis. Regardless of whether cases were classified according to full PTSD status or according to meeting the criteria for the three PTSD core symptom clusters, the classification was correct only in approximately two thirds of the cases. A regression analysis based on ASD severity and sexual problems following the rape accounted for only 28% of the PTSD severity variance. In conclusion, the ASD diagnosis is not an optimal method for identifying those most at risk for PTSD. It remains to be seen whether a better way can be found.

AB - In recent years, a number of studies have investigated the prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) through the presence of acute stress disorder (ASD). The predictive power of ASD on PTSD was examined in a population of 148 female rape victims who visited a center for rape victims shortly after the rape or attempted rape. The PTSD diagnosis based solely on the three core symptom clusters was best identified by a subclinical ASD diagnosis based on all ASD criteria except dissociation. However, a full PTSD diagnosis including the A2 and F criteria was best identified by classifying victims according to a full ASD diagnosis. Regardless of whether cases were classified according to full PTSD status or according to meeting the criteria for the three PTSD core symptom clusters, the classification was correct only in approximately two thirds of the cases. A regression analysis based on ASD severity and sexual problems following the rape accounted for only 28% of the PTSD severity variance. In conclusion, the ASD diagnosis is not an optimal method for identifying those most at risk for PTSD. It remains to be seen whether a better way can be found.

U2 - 10.1177/0886260509354587

DO - 10.1177/0886260509354587

M3 - Journal article

VL - 25

SP - 1470

EP - 1488

JO - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

JF - Journal of Interpersonal Violence

SN - 0886-2605

IS - 5

ER -