Aquaporin-2 excretion in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis: Relation to development of renal insufficiency and mortality

Troels Malte Busk, Søren Møller, Erling B. Pedersen, Alexander Gerbes, Aleksander Krag, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Sona Frankova, Minneke J Coenraad, Flemming Bendtsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Urinary aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is a parameter of water transport in the principal cells in the distal part of the nephron and involved in water retention in cirrhosis and may be a marker of renal function. The aim of the study was to evaluate AQP2 as a predictor of renal insufficiency and death in patients with cirrhosis.

METHODS: Urine samples from 199 patients (90 patients without organ failure [Group 1], 58 patients with organ failure excluding renal failure [Group 2], and 51 patients with organ failure including renal failure [Group 3]) from the CANONIC study were analyzed for urine AQP2 and urine osmolality.

RESULTS: There was no difference in AQP2 between the three groups. Urine osmolality was significantly lower in patients in Group 3 versus Group 1 and Group 2 (P = 0.0004). No relation was found between AQP2 and glomerular filtration rate or creatinine; however, AQP2 was a significant predictor of the development of renal insufficiency (P = 0.0485). In a univariate analysis, AQP2 was a significant predictor of 14 and 28-day survival, but this was not confirmed in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: Aquaporin-2 was not associated with disease severity or markers of renal function but was a predictor for the development of renal insufficiency and death. Therefore, its future use as marker of renal insufficiency could be promising, but further research is needed before it can be considered a clinical useful tool.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1087-1093
ISSN0815-9319
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

Aquaporin 2
Urine
Kidney
Nephrons
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Creatinine
Multivariate Analysis

Citer dette

Busk, Troels Malte ; Møller, Søren ; Pedersen, Erling B. ; Gerbes, Alexander ; Krag, Aleksander ; Peck-Radosavljevic, Markus ; Frankova, Sona ; Coenraad, Minneke J ; Bendtsen, Flemming. / Aquaporin-2 excretion in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis : Relation to development of renal insufficiency and mortality. I: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2017 ; Bind 32, Nr. 5. s. 1087-1093.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND AND AIM: Urinary aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is a parameter of water transport in the principal cells in the distal part of the nephron and involved in water retention in cirrhosis and may be a marker of renal function. The aim of the study was to evaluate AQP2 as a predictor of renal insufficiency and death in patients with cirrhosis.METHODS: Urine samples from 199 patients (90 patients without organ failure [Group 1], 58 patients with organ failure excluding renal failure [Group 2], and 51 patients with organ failure including renal failure [Group 3]) from the CANONIC study were analyzed for urine AQP2 and urine osmolality.RESULTS: There was no difference in AQP2 between the three groups. Urine osmolality was significantly lower in patients in Group 3 versus Group 1 and Group 2 (P = 0.0004). No relation was found between AQP2 and glomerular filtration rate or creatinine; however, AQP2 was a significant predictor of the development of renal insufficiency (P = 0.0485). In a univariate analysis, AQP2 was a significant predictor of 14 and 28-day survival, but this was not confirmed in multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS: Aquaporin-2 was not associated with disease severity or markers of renal function but was a predictor for the development of renal insufficiency and death. Therefore, its future use as marker of renal insufficiency could be promising, but further research is needed before it can be considered a clinical useful tool.",
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Busk, TM, Møller, S, Pedersen, EB, Gerbes, A, Krag, A, Peck-Radosavljevic, M, Frankova, S, Coenraad, MJ & Bendtsen, F 2017, 'Aquaporin-2 excretion in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis: Relation to development of renal insufficiency and mortality', Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, bind 32, nr. 5, s. 1087-1093. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgh.13641

Aquaporin-2 excretion in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis : Relation to development of renal insufficiency and mortality. / Busk, Troels Malte; Møller, Søren; Pedersen, Erling B.; Gerbes, Alexander; Krag, Aleksander; Peck-Radosavljevic, Markus; Frankova, Sona; Coenraad, Minneke J; Bendtsen, Flemming.

I: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Bind 32, Nr. 5, 2017, s. 1087-1093.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Aquaporin-2 excretion in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis

T2 - Relation to development of renal insufficiency and mortality

AU - Busk, Troels Malte

AU - Møller, Søren

AU - Pedersen, Erling B.

AU - Gerbes, Alexander

AU - Krag, Aleksander

AU - Peck-Radosavljevic, Markus

AU - Frankova, Sona

AU - Coenraad, Minneke J

AU - Bendtsen, Flemming

N1 - © 2016 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIM: Urinary aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is a parameter of water transport in the principal cells in the distal part of the nephron and involved in water retention in cirrhosis and may be a marker of renal function. The aim of the study was to evaluate AQP2 as a predictor of renal insufficiency and death in patients with cirrhosis.METHODS: Urine samples from 199 patients (90 patients without organ failure [Group 1], 58 patients with organ failure excluding renal failure [Group 2], and 51 patients with organ failure including renal failure [Group 3]) from the CANONIC study were analyzed for urine AQP2 and urine osmolality.RESULTS: There was no difference in AQP2 between the three groups. Urine osmolality was significantly lower in patients in Group 3 versus Group 1 and Group 2 (P = 0.0004). No relation was found between AQP2 and glomerular filtration rate or creatinine; however, AQP2 was a significant predictor of the development of renal insufficiency (P = 0.0485). In a univariate analysis, AQP2 was a significant predictor of 14 and 28-day survival, but this was not confirmed in multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS: Aquaporin-2 was not associated with disease severity or markers of renal function but was a predictor for the development of renal insufficiency and death. Therefore, its future use as marker of renal insufficiency could be promising, but further research is needed before it can be considered a clinical useful tool.

AB - BACKGROUND AND AIM: Urinary aquaporin-2 (AQP2) is a parameter of water transport in the principal cells in the distal part of the nephron and involved in water retention in cirrhosis and may be a marker of renal function. The aim of the study was to evaluate AQP2 as a predictor of renal insufficiency and death in patients with cirrhosis.METHODS: Urine samples from 199 patients (90 patients without organ failure [Group 1], 58 patients with organ failure excluding renal failure [Group 2], and 51 patients with organ failure including renal failure [Group 3]) from the CANONIC study were analyzed for urine AQP2 and urine osmolality.RESULTS: There was no difference in AQP2 between the three groups. Urine osmolality was significantly lower in patients in Group 3 versus Group 1 and Group 2 (P = 0.0004). No relation was found between AQP2 and glomerular filtration rate or creatinine; however, AQP2 was a significant predictor of the development of renal insufficiency (P = 0.0485). In a univariate analysis, AQP2 was a significant predictor of 14 and 28-day survival, but this was not confirmed in multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS: Aquaporin-2 was not associated with disease severity or markers of renal function but was a predictor for the development of renal insufficiency and death. Therefore, its future use as marker of renal insufficiency could be promising, but further research is needed before it can be considered a clinical useful tool.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1111/jgh.13641

DO - 10.1111/jgh.13641

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28092112

VL - 32

SP - 1087

EP - 1093

JO - Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

JF - Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

SN - 0815-9319

IS - 5

ER -