Applying cascaded convolutional neural network design further enhances automatic scoring of arthritis disease activity on ultrasound images from rheumatoid arthritis patients

Anders Bossel Holst Christensen*, Søren Andreas Just, Jakob Kristian Holm Andersen, Thiusius Rajeeth Savarimuthu

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

OBJECTIVES: We have previously shown that neural network technology can be used for scoring arthritis disease activity in ultrasound images from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, giving scores according to the EULAR-OMERACT grading system. We have now further developed the architecture of this neural network and can here present a new idea applying cascaded convolutional neural network (CNN) design with even better results. We evaluate the generalisability of this method on unseen data, comparing the CNN with an expert rheumatologist.

METHODS: The images were graded by an expert rheumatologist according to the EULAR-OMERACT synovitis scoring system. CNNs were systematically trained to find the best configuration. The algorithms were evaluated on a separate test data set and compared with the gradings of an expert rheumatologist on a per-joint basis using a Kappa statistic, and on a per-patient basis using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test.

RESULTS: With 1678 images available for training and 322 images for testing the model, it achieved an overall four-class accuracy of 83.9%. On a per-patient level, there was no significant difference between the classifications of the model and of a human expert (p=0.85). Our original CNN had a four-class accuracy of 75.0%.

CONCLUSIONS: Using a new network architecture we have further enhanced the algorithm and have shown strong agreement with an expert rheumatologist on a per-joint basis and on a per-patient basis. This emphasises the potential of using CNNs with this architecture as a strong assistive tool for the objective assessment of disease activity of RA patients.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAnnals of the rheumatic diseases
Vol/bind79
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1189-1193
ISSN0003-4967
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2020

Bibliografisk note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

Fingeraftryk Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Applying cascaded convolutional neural network design further enhances automatic scoring of arthritis disease activity on ultrasound images from rheumatoid arthritis patients'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater