Application of aquaporin-based forward osmosis membranes for processing of digestate liquid fractions

Maria Salud Camilleri Rumbau*, José Luis Soler-Cabezas, Knud Villy Christensen, Birgir Norddahl, José Antonio Mendoza-Roca, Maria Cinta Vincent-Vela

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Abstrakt

Forward osmosis is a low-energy water treatment emerging technology, which has demonstrated improved solute rejection and low fouling propensity. In this study, the applicability of aquaporin-based forward osmosis membranes during separation of biogas digestate liquid fractions was investigated. The results showed that Total-Ammonia-Nitrogen rejection was higher than 95.5% in all experiments, independently of the type of draw solution (NaCl and hide preservation effluents), experimental period and the use of feed acidification. The results also confirmed that high draw osmotic pressures (i.e. 3.5 M sodium chloride and hide preservation wastewater) combined with feed acidification had a negative effect on the membrane water permeability. Membrane rinsing
after fouling was also successful in recovering the membrane initial water
flux as well as removing the remaining foulants on the membrane surface. The membrane inspection results from Scanning-Electron Microscope, Energy-Dispersive X-Ray analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared–Attenuated Total Re
flectance showed that fouling in this application was mild and reversible after membrane rinsing. The applicability of aquaporin-based forward osmosis membranes during separation of biogas digestate liquid fractions has been demonstrated. The results showed the potential of this technology to achieve enhanced ammonia-nitrogen rejections and low-fouling propensity.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftChemical Engineering Journal
Vol/bind371
Sider (fra-til)583-592
ISSN1385-8947
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. sep. 2019

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