Antithrombotic treatment and major adverse cardiac events after bleeding in patients with myocardial infarction: a retrospective analysis of nationwide registry data

Hafsah Nabi, Rasmus Rørth, Daniel H Tajchman Mb, Lene Holmvang, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar Gislason, Emil L Fosbøl, Lars Køber, Rikke Sørensen

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Abstrakt

AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe the use of antithrombotic therapy following a bleeding event among patients with myocardial infarction (MI), and the associated risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using Danish nationwide registries, patients hospitalized with a bleeding event within 1 year after MI were identified. Antithrombotic treatment with aspirin, clopidogrel, and/or vitamin K antagonists (VKA) was determined at the bleeding and at Day 90 and 180 post-bleed. Based on guidelines, patients were stratified into four groups: expected, reduced, discontinued, or intensified treatment. Risk of MACE (ischaemic stroke, MI, or death) within the first year was assessed by Cox proportional hazard models. A total of 3324 patients with a bleeding after MI were included. At Day 90 post-bleed, 1052 (31.7%) received expected antithrombotic treatment, 1301 (39.2%) reduced, 164 (4.9%) intensified, and 807 (24.3%) no treatment. Major adverse cardiac events occurred in 637 (19.2%) patients. With dual antiplatelet therapy as reference, adjusted hazard ratios for MACE were: aspirin 1.81 (1.06-3.09), clopidogrel 1.08 (0.64-1.82), VKA 1.08 (0.47-2.48), VKA + aspirin 1.97 (0.95-4.07), VKA + clopidogrel 0.26 (0.03-1.91), triple 1.73 (0.50-5.95), and no treatment 1.93 (1.11-3.36). CONCLUSION: The majority of MI patients reduced or discontinued their antithrombotic therapy post-bleed. Patients in monotherapy with aspirin or no treatment post-bleed had a higher risk of MACE Further studies of optimal antithrombotic treatments after a bleed are needed.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
Vol/bind6
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)14-21
ISSN2055-6837
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. jan. 2020

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© Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2019. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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