Antimony measurements in environmental matrices: Seven considerations

William A. Maher*, Frank Krikowa, Simon D. Foster, Michael J. Ellwood, William W. Bennett

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

The development of robust methods for determining the concentration and speciation of antimony (Sb) in natural samples is essential to understanding its distribution and cycling in nature. Here we discuss our experiences with a variety of approaches for measuring the content and speciation of Sb in environmental matrices. Total Sb concentration measurements in waters require digestion with HNO3-HCl to release Sb from particulate material and may require a preconcentration step to remove Sb from saline matrices or to obtain the required sensitivity. Plant analyses require the use of HNO3-HBF4 or HNO3-HF while sediments require the use of HNO3-HCl to solubilise Sb and prevent adsorption to silicates. Methods for Sb speciation should be fit for purpose. Volatile Sb species can be measured successfully using SPME-GCMS, waters via hydride generation-trapping ICPMS and sediment extracts using HPLC-ICPMS. Extraction of Sb from sediments and plants presents a challenge; however, the use of citrate is adequate for extraction of Sb from sediments predominately containing Sb associated with Fe-Mn oxyhydroxide phases. We have been unable to successfully quantify organic Sb species in plants because of the oxidation of Sb(iii) to Sb(v) and the formation of artefact Sb species. The analysis of solid samples using X-ray absorption spectroscopy should be considered as it has been shown to discriminate between Sb(iii) and Sb(v) as well as Sb minerals, oxides and adsorbed Sb species.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
Vol/bind33
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)706-712
Antal sider7
ISSN0267-9477
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

Antimony
Sediments
Oxide minerals
Silicates
X ray absorption spectroscopy
Water
Hydrides
Citric Acid
Adsorption
Oxidation

Citer dette

Maher, William A. ; Krikowa, Frank ; Foster, Simon D. ; Ellwood, Michael J. ; Bennett, William W. / Antimony measurements in environmental matrices : Seven considerations. I: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry. 2018 ; Bind 33, Nr. 5. s. 706-712.
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Antimony measurements in environmental matrices : Seven considerations. / Maher, William A.; Krikowa, Frank; Foster, Simon D.; Ellwood, Michael J.; Bennett, William W.

I: Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, Bind 33, Nr. 5, 2018, s. 706-712.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antimony measurements in environmental matrices

T2 - Seven considerations

AU - Maher, William A.

AU - Krikowa, Frank

AU - Foster, Simon D.

AU - Ellwood, Michael J.

AU - Bennett, William W.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The development of robust methods for determining the concentration and speciation of antimony (Sb) in natural samples is essential to understanding its distribution and cycling in nature. Here we discuss our experiences with a variety of approaches for measuring the content and speciation of Sb in environmental matrices. Total Sb concentration measurements in waters require digestion with HNO3-HCl to release Sb from particulate material and may require a preconcentration step to remove Sb from saline matrices or to obtain the required sensitivity. Plant analyses require the use of HNO3-HBF4 or HNO3-HF while sediments require the use of HNO3-HCl to solubilise Sb and prevent adsorption to silicates. Methods for Sb speciation should be fit for purpose. Volatile Sb species can be measured successfully using SPME-GCMS, waters via hydride generation-trapping ICPMS and sediment extracts using HPLC-ICPMS. Extraction of Sb from sediments and plants presents a challenge; however, the use of citrate is adequate for extraction of Sb from sediments predominately containing Sb associated with Fe-Mn oxyhydroxide phases. We have been unable to successfully quantify organic Sb species in plants because of the oxidation of Sb(iii) to Sb(v) and the formation of artefact Sb species. The analysis of solid samples using X-ray absorption spectroscopy should be considered as it has been shown to discriminate between Sb(iii) and Sb(v) as well as Sb minerals, oxides and adsorbed Sb species.

AB - The development of robust methods for determining the concentration and speciation of antimony (Sb) in natural samples is essential to understanding its distribution and cycling in nature. Here we discuss our experiences with a variety of approaches for measuring the content and speciation of Sb in environmental matrices. Total Sb concentration measurements in waters require digestion with HNO3-HCl to release Sb from particulate material and may require a preconcentration step to remove Sb from saline matrices or to obtain the required sensitivity. Plant analyses require the use of HNO3-HBF4 or HNO3-HF while sediments require the use of HNO3-HCl to solubilise Sb and prevent adsorption to silicates. Methods for Sb speciation should be fit for purpose. Volatile Sb species can be measured successfully using SPME-GCMS, waters via hydride generation-trapping ICPMS and sediment extracts using HPLC-ICPMS. Extraction of Sb from sediments and plants presents a challenge; however, the use of citrate is adequate for extraction of Sb from sediments predominately containing Sb associated with Fe-Mn oxyhydroxide phases. We have been unable to successfully quantify organic Sb species in plants because of the oxidation of Sb(iii) to Sb(v) and the formation of artefact Sb species. The analysis of solid samples using X-ray absorption spectroscopy should be considered as it has been shown to discriminate between Sb(iii) and Sb(v) as well as Sb minerals, oxides and adsorbed Sb species.

U2 - 10.1039/c7ja00391a

DO - 10.1039/c7ja00391a

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85046718024

VL - 33

SP - 706

EP - 712

JO - Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry

JF - Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry

SN - 0267-9477

IS - 5

ER -