PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The successful treatment of surgical fungal infections depends of a timely and adequate source control alongside with the use of prompt systemic antifungals. The main challenge of antifungal use in critically ill surgical patients is to find a balance between rational versus indiscriminate use in order to accomplish an antifungal stewardship program.
RECENT FINDINGS: Surgical fungal infections represent an important burden in the daily clinical activity in many ICUs. The efficacy of the available antifungal drugs has not been adequately assessed in randomized controlled trials with surgical fungal infections in ICU patients. Most clinical experience is limited to case reports or uncontrolled case series. Due to the lack of adequate scientific evidence to assess the role of the different antifungals in surgical ICU patients, it is usually suggested to follow the recommendations for invasive candidiasis and candidemia.
SUMMARY: Antifungal use in the surgical patients admitted to an ICU is a complex matter and there are several elements to consider like the presence of septic shock and multiorgan failure, local epidemiology and antifungal resistance, among others. The proper use of antifungals alongside early recognition and prompt source control, are critical factors for improved outcomes.