Ante-, péri- ou post mortem ? Profil de fracturation en contexte humide: le cas du dépôt en puits (IIe–IIIe siècles apr. J.-C.) de la place du Jeu-de-Paume, Beauvais (Oise)

A. Augias, N. Benmoussa, S. Jacqueline, J. Boudeau, J. M. Femolant, Julie Nogel Jaeger, R. Weil, A. L. Muller, P. Charlier*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

This forensic archaeo-anthropological study focuses on a skeletonized individual unearthed from a well during preventive archaeological excavations at the Place du Jeu de Paume site in Beauvais. The primary aim of this study was to determine the causes of death by biomedically examining the femoral fractures observed. Results of computed tomography scans and scanning electron microscopy performed not only emphasized the limits of these techniques in understanding the fracture mechanisms but also, and especially, highlighted the importance of taphonomic context on the persistence of peri-mortem bone characteristics. This osteoarchaeological case illustrates the difficulties in diagnosing trauma on ancient bones and explores the specific mechanisms that cause lesions in an ancient mixed organic/inorganic matrix, which is particularly useful for biological anthropology studies.

OriginalsprogFransk
TidsskriftSociete d'Anthropologie de Paris. Bulletins & Memoires
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)112-116
ISSN0037-8984
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

Femoral Fractures
Wounds and Injuries
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Cause of Death

Emneord

  • CT-scan
  • Forensic archaeology
  • Medical anthropology
  • SEM

Citer dette

Augias, A. ; Benmoussa, N. ; Jacqueline, S. ; Boudeau, J. ; Femolant, J. M. ; Nogel Jaeger, Julie ; Weil, R. ; Muller, A. L. ; Charlier, P. / Ante-, péri- ou post mortem ? Profil de fracturation en contexte humide : le cas du dépôt en puits (IIe–IIIe siècles apr. J.-C.) de la place du Jeu-de-Paume, Beauvais (Oise). I: Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris. Bulletins & Memoires. 2017 ; Bind 29, Nr. 1. s. 112-116.
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abstract = "This forensic archaeo-anthropological study focuses on a skeletonized individual unearthed from a well during preventive archaeological excavations at the Place du Jeu de Paume site in Beauvais. The primary aim of this study was to determine the causes of death by biomedically examining the femoral fractures observed. Results of computed tomography scans and scanning electron microscopy performed not only emphasized the limits of these techniques in understanding the fracture mechanisms but also, and especially, highlighted the importance of taphonomic context on the persistence of peri-mortem bone characteristics. This osteoarchaeological case illustrates the difficulties in diagnosing trauma on ancient bones and explores the specific mechanisms that cause lesions in an ancient mixed organic/inorganic matrix, which is particularly useful for biological anthropology studies.",
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author = "A. Augias and N. Benmoussa and S. Jacqueline and J. Boudeau and Femolant, {J. M.} and {Nogel Jaeger}, Julie and R. Weil and Muller, {A. L.} and P. Charlier",
year = "2017",
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Ante-, péri- ou post mortem ? Profil de fracturation en contexte humide : le cas du dépôt en puits (IIe–IIIe siècles apr. J.-C.) de la place du Jeu-de-Paume, Beauvais (Oise). / Augias, A.; Benmoussa, N.; Jacqueline, S.; Boudeau, J.; Femolant, J. M.; Nogel Jaeger, Julie; Weil, R.; Muller, A. L.; Charlier, P.

I: Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris. Bulletins & Memoires, Bind 29, Nr. 1, 2017, s. 112-116.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ante-, péri- ou post mortem ? Profil de fracturation en contexte humide

T2 - le cas du dépôt en puits (IIe–IIIe siècles apr. J.-C.) de la place du Jeu-de-Paume, Beauvais (Oise)

AU - Augias, A.

AU - Benmoussa, N.

AU - Jacqueline, S.

AU - Boudeau, J.

AU - Femolant, J. M.

AU - Nogel Jaeger, Julie

AU - Weil, R.

AU - Muller, A. L.

AU - Charlier, P.

PY - 2017

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N2 - This forensic archaeo-anthropological study focuses on a skeletonized individual unearthed from a well during preventive archaeological excavations at the Place du Jeu de Paume site in Beauvais. The primary aim of this study was to determine the causes of death by biomedically examining the femoral fractures observed. Results of computed tomography scans and scanning electron microscopy performed not only emphasized the limits of these techniques in understanding the fracture mechanisms but also, and especially, highlighted the importance of taphonomic context on the persistence of peri-mortem bone characteristics. This osteoarchaeological case illustrates the difficulties in diagnosing trauma on ancient bones and explores the specific mechanisms that cause lesions in an ancient mixed organic/inorganic matrix, which is particularly useful for biological anthropology studies.

AB - This forensic archaeo-anthropological study focuses on a skeletonized individual unearthed from a well during preventive archaeological excavations at the Place du Jeu de Paume site in Beauvais. The primary aim of this study was to determine the causes of death by biomedically examining the femoral fractures observed. Results of computed tomography scans and scanning electron microscopy performed not only emphasized the limits of these techniques in understanding the fracture mechanisms but also, and especially, highlighted the importance of taphonomic context on the persistence of peri-mortem bone characteristics. This osteoarchaeological case illustrates the difficulties in diagnosing trauma on ancient bones and explores the specific mechanisms that cause lesions in an ancient mixed organic/inorganic matrix, which is particularly useful for biological anthropology studies.

KW - CT-scan

KW - Forensic archaeology

KW - Medical anthropology

KW - SEM

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DO - 10.1007/s13219-016-0177-2

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JO - Societe d'Anthropologie de Paris. Bulletins & Memoires

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